- Ca. 1798
- The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- 199.5 x 134.5 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- El Prado National Museum
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 24 Feb 2011 / 15 Jun 2023
Goya. al General / Urrutia ("Goya. to General / Urrutia", lower right-hand corner).
The Dukes of Osuna commissioned this work in 1798, at which point General had already retired from all public offices due to his strained relations with Manuel Godoy.
It was acquired in 1896 in an auction by the Ministry of Development from the descendents of the Duchy of Osuna via the General Directorate of Public Education and Fine Arts in order to be placed in the Prado Museum.
General José de Urrutia, (Zalla, Vizcaya, 1739 - Madrid, 1809) was the only military figure without a noble title to reach the rank of Captain General, a feat he achieved due to his outstanding action on the battlefield. He fought against the French in the Pyrenees and was named Captain General of Catalonia in 1794.
The painter has placed the subject before a rocky background wearing a military uniform with black and red frock coat: attached to his lapel is the Saint George's Cross which he was awarded by Catherine the Great for his action in Ozaku (Crimea). He is carrying a spyglass in his right hand and a walking cane and three-cornered hat in his left.
Light bathes the whole figure in a uniform way rather than just illuminating his face, emphasizing the lively colours which bring joy to the scene. The work is imbibed with psychological meaning, while the influence of Reynolds and other English portrait artists is also evident.
Les chefs-d’œuvre du Musée du PradoMusée d’Art et d’HistoireGeneva1939consultant editors Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Pedro Muguruza Otaño. From June to September 1939cat. 17
GoyaPalacio de PedralbesBarcelona1977from April 12th to June 30th 1977cat. 25
400 años de pintura españolaMuseo de Bellas Artes de CaracasCaracas1981cat. 66
Goya. La década de Los CaprichosMadrid1992organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993cat. 65
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 99
Goya en tiempos de guerraMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid2008consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008cat. 15
L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 volsBibliography']['numberParís1928-1950p.101, cat. 383
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaBibliography']['numberParísOffice du livre1970p. 189, cat. 679
BarcelonaPolígrafa1970vol. I, p. 299, cat. 374
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.Bibliography']['numberZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. III, p. 113
Goya. 250 AniversarioBibliography']['numberMadridMuseo del Prado1996pp. 377, 378 y 184 (il.), cat. 99
Goya en tiempos de guerraBibliography']['numberMadridMuseo Nacional del Prado2008pp. 158 y 159 (il.), cat. 15
BilbaoFundación bancaria “la Caixa” y Museo Nacional del Prado2018pp.56-59