Francisco de Goya

General José de Urrutia (El general José de Urrutia)

Clasificación
General José de Urrutia (El general José de Urrutia)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1798
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
199.5 x 134.5 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
24 Feb 2011 / 24 Sep 2012
Inventario
257 (P00736)
Historia

The Dukes of Osuna commissioned this work in 1798, at which point General had already retired from all public offices due to his strained relations with Manuel Godoy.

It was acquired in 1896 in an auction by the Ministry of Development from the descendents of the Duchy of Osuna via the General Directorate of Public Education and Fine Arts in order to be placed in the Prado Museum.

Análisis artístico

General José de Urrutia, (Zalla, Vizcaya, 1739 - Madrid, 1809) was the only military figure without a noble title to reach the rank of Captain General, a feat he achieved due to his outstanding action on the battlefield. He fought against the French in the Pyrenees and was named Captain General of Catalonia in 1794.

The painter has placed the subject before a rocky background wearing a military uniform with black and red frock coat: attached to his lapel is the Saint George's Cross which he was awarded by Catherine the Great for his action in Ozaku (Crimea). He is carrying a spyglass in his right hand and a walking cane and three-cornered hat in his left.

Light bathes the whole figure in a uniform way rather than just illuminating his face, emphasizing the lively colours which bring joy to the scene. The work is imbibed with psychological meaning, while the influence of Reynolds and other English portrait artists is also evident.

Exposiciones
  • Les chefs-d’œuvre du Musée du Prado
    Musée d’Art et d’Histoire
    Geneva
    1939
    consultant editors Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Pedro Muguruza Otaño. From June to September 1939
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    Barcelona
    1977
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • 400 años de pintura española
    Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas
    Caracas
    1981
  • Goya. La década de Los Caprichos
    Madrid
    1992
    organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    p.101, cat. 383
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 189, cat. 679
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 299, cat. 374
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. III, p. 113
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    pp. 377, 378 y 184 (il.), cat. 99
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués
    pp. 158 y 159 (il.), cat. 15
    2008
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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