Francisco de Goya

Juan Martín de Goicoechea y Galarza

Clasificación
Juan Martín de Goicoechea y Galarza
Datos Generales
Cronología
1790
Ubicación
Museum of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Dimensiones
84 x 65 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Government of Aragon
Ficha: realización/revisión
11 Feb 2010 / 23 Nov 2011
Inventario
237 (54359)
Historia

This painting belonged to the family of the sitter, who possessed several works by Goya. Through successive marriages and inheritances it has been the property of the Counts and Countesses of Sobradiel, Gabarda, and Orgaz and the Marquises of Las Palmas. In 1997 it was acquired by the Government of Aragón through Sotheby's for the Museum of Zaragoza.

Análisis artístico

Juan Martín de Goicoechea y Galarza Ziordia y Albizu (Bacaicoa, Navarre, 1732-Zaragoza, 1806) was one of Goya's best friends in Zaragoza. After finishing his studies in this city he moved to Lyon, where he studied commerce and learned the art of manufacturing silk. In 1772, upon returning to Zaragoza, he founded his own factory and soon became the most important trader and businessman in the city. A liberal and ilustrado, he was a founding member of Aragón's Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country and maintained, at his own expense, a Drawing School created by that institution which was active from 1784 to 1792, the year in which the San Luis Royal Academy of Fine Arts was created. In 1789 he was awarded the minor Cross of the Royal Order of Charles III.

The half-length image of the subject is shown against a black background. The figure, in half profile, is looking straight out at the viewer. He is dressed in a brown dress coat, from which the cross of the Royal Order of Charles III hangs. His right hand is partially concealed within the coat, to one side of the decoration.

The pale skin tones of the figure's face and hand stand out in sharp contrast with the deep, uniform black of the background. After the work was cleaned in 2008, the subtle velvet qualities of the coat became evident, as well as the deftly painted sheer lace poking out from underneath at the cuffs and shirt front.

Goya would have been able to make studies for this portrait from life during the 23 days in October 1790 in which he was in Zaragoza, although the work would have actually been finished in Madrid in December of that same year.

The Aragonese Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country possesses a version of this portrait, which has led to various hypotheses about its authorship and date. Everything seems to indicate that the other work is a copy by an unknown artist and not the portrait that this institution commissioned from the painter Juan Andrés (Merclein?) in 1787, since its style differs considerably from other works known to be by this artist.

Conservación

Cleaned in 2008.

Exposiciones
  • Exposición Hispano-Francesa
    Zaragoza
    1908
  • Exposición de obras de Goya y de objetos que recuerdan las manufacturas artísticas de su época
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1928
    organized by la Real Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis in collaboration with the Junta del Patronato del Museo Provincial. April 1928
  • Goya (1746 – 1828)
    Galleria Internazionale d’Arte Moderna di Ca’Pesaro
    Venecia
    1989
    consultant editor Antonio Fortún Paesa. From May 7th to July 4th 1989
  • Goya
    La Lonja, Torreón Fortea y Museo Pablo Gargallo
    Zaragoza
    1992
    consultant editor Julián Gállego
  • La memoria de Goya
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by Fundación Goya en Aragón, consultant editor Juan Carlos Lozano López. From February 7th to April 6th 2008
  • Goya e Italia
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragóna, consultant editor Joan Sureda Pons. From June 1st to September 15th 2008
  • Goya y el Mundo Moderno
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragón at the Museo de Zaragoza, consultant editors Valeriano Bozal and Concepción Lomba Serrano. From December 18th 2008 to March 22nd 2009
  • Goya e il Mondo Moderno
    Palazzo Reale
    Milan
    2010
    organized by SEACEX, Palazzo Reale and Fundación Goya en Aragón, consultant editors Valeriano Bozal and Concepción Lomba Serrano. From March 17th to June 27th 2010
Bibliografía
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 98, cat. 277
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Juan Martín de Goicoechea y Galarza”
    Goya 1746-1828
    José Luis Morales Y Marín
    pp. 108-109
    1989
  • “Juan Martín de Goicoechea”
    Goya
    Ricardo Ramón Jarne
    pp. 64-65
    1992
    Ed. Electa y Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza
  • Goya y Aragón. Familia, amistades y encargos artísticos
    Arturo Ansón Navarro
    pp.160-164 (il)
    num. 10
    1995
    Caja de Ahorros de la Inmaculada de Aragón
    Col. Mariano de Pano y Ruata
  • La memoria de Goya (1828 – 1978)
    Juan Carlos (comisario) Lozano López
    p. 329, cat. 38
    2008
    Gobierno de Aragón, Dpto. de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
  • Goya e Italia, 2 vols.
    Joan (comisario) Sureda Pons
    vol. II, pp.293-294 (il.), cat. 258
    2008
    Fundación Goya en Aragón y Turner
Enlaces externos
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