Francisco de Goya

María Teresa de Vallabriga

Clasificación
María Teresa de Vallabriga
Datos Generales
Cronología
1783
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
48 x 39.6 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
17 Jan 2010 / 11 Feb 2013
Inventario
233 (P07695)
Inscripciones

Retrato de Dña. Maria Teresa de Vallabriga / esposa del Srmo. Señor Ynfante / De España Dn. Luis Antonio / Jaime de Borbón / que de 11 a 12 de la mañana el dia / 27 de agosto del año 1783 hacia / Dn. Francisco de Goya ("Portrait of Doña María Teresa de Vallabriga, wife of His Highness the Señor Infante of Spain Don Luis Antonio Jaime de Bourbon, made between 11 and 12 in the morning on the 27th of August of 1783 by Don Francisco de Goya", on back of support).

Historia

This work came from Boadilla del Monte (Madrid) and belonged to the sitter's descendants, the Count and Countess of Chinchón. It was later inherited by the Duke and Duchess of Sueca, and then later by the Marquis of Acapulco and the Marchioness of Caicedo. It was auctioned at Sotheby's in Madrid on 27 February 1985, entering a private collection in Madrid and from there going to the Bankinter collection (Madrid). It was acquired by the Prado Museum in 1995 as payment for a tax debt.

Análisis artístico

María Teresa de Vallabriga y Rozas, Español y Drumond de Melfort (1759-1820) was born in Zaragoza but, following the death of her parents, moved to Madrid, where at the age of 17 she entered into morganatic wedlock with the Infante Don Luis de Bourbon (1727-1785), the brother of Charles III and one of the most important patrons for Goya's career. From this marriage were born María Teresa de Bourbon y Vallabriga, the future Countess of Chinchón, Luis María, who would later become cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, and María Luisa de Bourbon y Vallabriga. Upon her husband's death, she returned to her native Zaragoza, where she lived in a Renaissance palace known as Casa Zaporta, and renamed the Casa de la Infanta in her honour.

As with the portrait of the sitter's husband, with which this painting forms a pair, this work was carried out by Goya in the summer of 1783, during the first of the trips that the artist made to Arenas de San Pedro (Ávila), the family's habitual place of residence. Both works were preparatory studies for the large canvas of The Family of the Infante Don Luis, today housed in the Magnani-Rocca Foundation (Parma, Italy).

It is a rather restrained bust portrait, in which María Teresa appears before a black background and in profile, as on an antique coins or medallion or in a noble portrait from the Renaissance period. Her long plaited hair is gathered up into a low-hanging bun and tied with a ribbon of dark blue silk. Her serene face, with its rosy cheeks, radiates youth and health. The presence of the white peignoir reveals that this is a study for the previously mentioned group portrait, in which the infanta is being attended by her hairdresser.

The quick, loose brushstrokes make it entirely feasible that Goya completed this work in a very short amount of time, just as the inscription claims.

More portraits by Goya of the infanta exist, including those at the New Pinakothek, Munich, and the Uffizi Gallery, Florence.

Conservación

The paint layer had been damaged in the area of the face, where numerous scratches are visible. The work was possibly restored some time in the 19th century.

It was restored at the Prado Museum in 1996.

Exposiciones
  • Francisco de Goya. IV Centenario de la capitalidad
    organized by Ayuntamiento de Madrid and Dirección General de Bellas Artes at the Casón del Buen Retiro
    Madrid
    1961
    consultant editor Valentín de Sambricio
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    Paris
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1996
    consultant editor Federico Torralba Soriano. From October 3th to December 1st 1996
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
  • Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2007
    organized by Fundación Goya en Aragón at the Museo de Zaragoza, consultant editors María Luisa Arguís and Miguel Beltrán Lloris. From September 25th 2007 to January 8th 2008
  • Goya y el infante don Luis: el exilio y el reino.
    Palacio Real, Madrid
    Madrid
    2012
    Arte y ciencia en la época de la ilustración española. Responsable científico Francisco Calvo Serraller. Del octubre de 2012 a enero de 2013.
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. II, p. 15, cat. 294
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 94, cat. 207
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 258, cat.146
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, p. 270 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    pp. 148 (il.) y 343-344, cat. 63
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Federico (comisario) Torralba Soriano
    pp. 84 y 85 (il.), cat.21
    1996
    Madrid, Gobierno de Aragón y Electa
  • Goya. Pinturas del Museo del Prado
    Margarita Moreno De Las Heras
    p.114 (il.)
    1997
    Museo Nacional del Prado
  • Goya, la imagen de la mujer
    Francisco (comisario) Calvo Serraller
    pp. 174 y 175 (il.), cat. 28
    2001
    Museo Nacional del Prado y Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado
  • Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga. Francisco de Goya
    María Luisa (comisaria) Arguís and Miguel (comisario) Beltrán Lloris
    pp.102 y 103 (il.)
    2007
    Gobierno de Aragón, Dpto. de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
Enlaces externos
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