Francisco de Goya

Bernardo de Iriarte

Clasificación
Bernardo de Iriarte
Datos Generales
Cronología
1797
Ubicación
Fine Arts Museum, Strasbourg, France
Dimensiones
108 x 86 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Strasbourg Fine Arts Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
02 Feb 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(308)
Inscripciones

D. Bernardo Yriarte Vice protr. de la Rl. Academia de las tres nobles / Artes, retratado por Goya en testimonio de mutua estimacn. y afecto. año de / 1797 ("Don Bernardo Iriarte, Vice-President of the Royal Academy of the Three Noble Arts, painted by Goya as a token of mutual respect and affection. [In the] year 1797", lower part of the canvas)

Historia

This work went from the Groult collection to the Dorouais collection in Paris. In 1941 it entered the collection of the Strasbourg Fine Arts Museum.

Análisis artístico

Bernardo Iriarte was born in Puerto de la Cruz (Santa Cruz de Tenerife) in 1735. He was a member of the State Council, Vice-Protector of the Royal Academy of San Fernando and member of the Council of the Indies. A man of progressive ideas, he belonged to the government of Joseph Bonaparte, for which he was forced to go into exile in France upon Ferdinand VII's return to Spain. He died in Bordeaux in 1814.

In this half-length portrait, Goya paints him seated in a chair with his back held very upright. He would have been sixty years old but appears much younger, a technique that Goya used if the sitter so requested. The neutral background gives prominence to the figure, who is wearing a tight-fitting greyish-brown velvet jacket, accompanied by a white shirt with frills at the neck and sleeves. He is wearing the medal of the Order of Charles III. His right hand holds a small red book, whilst his left is hidden from view.

A shaft of light coming from away to the left lights up the face of this ilustrado, along with the back of the chair, where we can appreciate some yellow embroidery which adds a further touch of colour to the scene.

According to Juan J. Luna, the almost awkwardly upright position of the figure is a resource that the painter used in this period to emphasize certain ideas about his sitters and to emphasize their predominant position in a world that was moving faster and faster towards an end that appeared imminent.

There exists a non-autograph copy of this work in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York.

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    París
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Trésors de la peinture espagnole, Eglises et Musées de France
    Palais du Louvre and Musée des Arts Décoratifs
    París
    1963
    from January to April 1963
  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1963
    cat. 66
  • Goya
    Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen Mauritshuis
    The Hauge
    1970
    organized by Ministerio de Estado y Asuntos Culturales and Réunion des Musées Nationaux, July 4th to September 13th 1970. Exhibited also at the Musée de l’Orangerie des Tuileries, Paris, October 25th to December 7th 1970, consultant editors Jeannine Baticle and A. B. de Vries
  • El arte europeo en la corte de España durante el siglo XVIII
    Galerie des Beaux-Arts
    Burdeos
    1979
    Exhibitied also at Grand Palais, París y Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  • Goya. La década de Los Caprichos
    Madrid
    1992
    organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 188, cat. 669
  • vol. I, p.299, cat. 373
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. III, p. 30
  • Nigel (comisario) Glendinning
    La década de los Caprichos. Retratos 1792-1804
    MadridReal Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
    1992
    p. 136, cat. 41
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    pp. 183 (il.), 368 y 369, cat. 87
Enlaces externos
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