- Ca. 1797 - 1798
- 216 x 151 mm
- Técnica y soporte
- Aguafuerte, aguatinta bruñida y buril
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Undisputed work
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 09 Jan 2011 / 21 Jun 2023
Buen Viage. (at the bottom)
64. (in the upper right-hand corner)
There is a proof of the state prior to the letter with the manuscript title in the Prado National Museum. The preparatory drawing for this engraving is kept in the same museum.
A demonic being with outspread wings carries on his back a group of witches howling in the night over a barely suggested landscape.
The darkness of this print is achieved through the use of a very dense ink. In addition, Goya made profuse use of the burnisher, which gives the image a misty, spectral appearance. At a second stage, aquatint was applied again to increase the darkness. The drypoint is only visible in the proofs where the aquatint begins to wear away.
The Ayala manuscript describes the print as follows: "The vices fly with their wings spread across the region of ignorance, supporting each other". In the Prado Museum print, the engraving is explained as an infernal caterpillar howling in the darkness of the night, taking advantage of the complicity of the darkness. In the manuscript of the Biblioteca Nacional, the engraving is commented on as follows: "Vices take flight through the region of ignorance. Men fall into the nefarious vice of sodomy".
The source of inspiration for this engraving is to be found in the declarations of the Trial of Faith held in the city of Logroño on 6 and 7 November 1610, where the witches' journeys through the air to attend the witches' covens are recounted.
The plate is preserved in the National Chalcography (no. 235).
Goya. Gemälde Zeichnungen. Graphik. TapisserienKunsthalle BaselBasle1953from January 23th to April 12th 1953cat. 247
El arte de GoyaMuseo de Arte Occidental de TokioTokyo1971from 16th 1971 to January 23th 1972. Exhibited also at the Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, January 29th to March 15th 1972.cat. 82
Goya. La década de Los CaprichosMadrid1992organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993cat. 33
GoyaNationalmuseumStockholm1994consultant editors Juan J. Luna and Görel Cavalli-Björkman. From October 7th 1994 to January 8th 1995cat. 70
Francisco de GoyaMuseo d'Arte ModernaLugano1996exhibition celebrated from September 22nd to November 17th.cat. 64, p.91
Francisco Goya. Sein leben im spiegel der graphik. Fuendetodos 1746-1828 Bordeaux. 1746-1996Galerie KornfeldBern1996from November 21st 1996 to January 1997cat. 70
Goya e la tradizione italianaFondazione Magnani RoccaMamiano di Traversetolo (Parma)2006consultant editors Fred Licht and Simona Tosini Pizzetti. From September 9th to December 3th 2006cat. 64, p.161
Goya. Opera graficaPinacoteca del Castello di San GiorgioLegnano2006exhibition celebrated from December 16th 2006 to April 1st 2007p.40
Goya e ItaliaMuseo de ZaragozaZaragoza2008organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragóna, consultant editor Joan Sureda Pons. From June 1st to September 15th 2008p.40
Goya luces y sombrasCaixaForumBarcelona2012consultant editors José Manuel Matilla and Manuela B. Marqués. From March 16th to June 24th 2012cat. 35
Goya et la modernitéPinacothèque de ParisParís2013from October 11st 2013 to March 16th 2014cat. 167
Goya engravings and lithographs, vol. I y II.Bibliography']['numberOxfordBruno Cassirer1964p.141, cat. 99
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaBibliography']['numberParísOffice du livre1970p.183, cat. 579
Goya, la década de los caprichos: dibujos y aguafuertesBibliography']['numberMadridReal Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando1992pp.55-57, cat. 33-34
Catálogo de las estampas de Goya en la Biblioteca NacionalBibliography']['numberMadridMinisterio de Educación y Cultura, Biblioteca Nacional1996p.107, cat. 154
El libro de los caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones (1799-1999). Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera ediciónBibliography']['numberMadridMuseo Nacional del Prado1999pp.326-329
ParísPinacoteca de París2013p. 232
Goya. In the Norton Simon MuseumBibliography']['numberPasadenaNorton Simon Museum2016pp. 42-75