Francisco de Goya

Charles IV in Uniform of Colonel of the Lifeguards (Carlos IV con uniforme de coronel de los Guardias de Corps)

Clasificación
Charles IV in Uniform of Colonel of the Lifeguards (Carlos IV con uniforme de coronel de los Guardias de Corps)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1799 - 1800
Ubicación
Royal Palace, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
202 x 126 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
National Heritage
Ficha: realización/revisión
03 Mar 2010 / 12 Mar 2012
Historia

Like its companion piece, María Luisa in Court Dress, this work came from the Royal Collection.

Análisis artístico

The full-length portrait shows Charles IV standing and turning slightly to the right, in front of a dark, neutral background. He is wearing the uniform of Colonel of the Lifeguards: a blue dress coat with red lining, and a waistcoat and breeches in the same colour. Among the many decorations and medals on his chest we see the sash of the Order of Charles III, the necklace of the Golden Fleece and the red sash of the Order of San Genaro. His right hand is resting on a baton, whilst with his left hand he is holding his hat.

Both Sambricio (1957) and Gassier-Wilson (1970) identified this portrait and its companion piece as being those mentioned in a letter dated 9 June 1800, sent by the queen to Manuel Godoy, which says: "Goya has done my portrait, which they say is the best of all of them. He is doing the king's in the Casa del Labrador". According to Morales and Marín (1997), these portraits may have been commissioned to be sent to Napoleon, an intention which would have been frustrated by the cooling off of relations with France following the War of the Oranges.

The Prado Museum holds a copy of this portrait, painted by Agustín Esteve for Manuel Godoy.

Exposiciones
  • Exposición conmemorativa del centenario de Goya
    Palacio de Oriente
    Madrid
    1946
    organized by Patrimonio Nacional. June 1946
  • Goya et la modernité
    Pinacothèque de Paris
    Paris
    2013
    from October 11st 2013 to March 16th 2014
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. II, p. 128, cat. 412
    1928-1950
  • Los retratos de Carlos IV y María Luisa, por Goya
    Archivo Español de Arte
    Velentín de Sambricio
    pp. 101 y 110
    XXX, n.18
    1957
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 196, cat. 782
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 308, cat. 413
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. III, p. 116
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Las parejas reales de Goya. Retratos de Carlos IV y María Luisa de Parma
    José Luis Morales Y Marín
    cat. 38, pp. 48-49 (il)
    1997
    Real Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis
Enlaces externos
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