Francisco de Goya

Appeals are in vain (Clamores en vano)

Clasificación
Appeals are in vain (Clamores en vano)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1812 - 1815
Dimensiones
157 x 208 mm
Técnica y soporte
Aguafuerte, buril, lavis y bruñidor
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Ficha: realización/revisión
16 Dec 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inscripciones

45 (on the lower left-hand corner).

Historia

See Sad presentiments of what must come to pass.

The title was handwritten on the print by Goya in the first and only series that is known to have been printed at the time the works were created, which the artist gave to his friend Agustín Ceán Bermúdez. Therefore, the title was etched into the plate at a later date and left unchanged as of the first edition of the Disasters of War printed by the San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid in 1863, after the printing of the series in the possession of Ceán Bermúdez.

There is a surviving preparatory drawing for this print which is housed in the Prado Museum in Madrid.

Análisis artístico

A group of figures lie dying in agony near a house. They are victims of the famine that devastated many Spanish cities during the Spanish War of Independence. The skeletal bodies have been depicted with great care: the artist has rendered the emaciated arms and legs and gaunt faces wearing insane expressions in great detail. As the title of the print suggests, these figures have begged for help from a French official who is passing close by the group in the company of a young woman, but the official does not respond.

Conservación

La plancha se conserva en la Calcografía Nacional (cat. 305).

Exposiciones
  • Goya and the espirit of enlightment
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    New York
    1989
    scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayre. From May 9th to July 16th 1989. Exhibited also in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, from January 18th to March 26th 1989
  • Francisco de Goya
    Museo d'Arte Moderna
    Lugano
    1996
    exhibition celebrated from September 22nd to November 17th.
  • Francisco Goya. Sein leben im spiegel der graphik. Fuendetodos 1746-1828 Bordeaux. 1746-1996
    Galerie Kornfeld
    Bern
    1996
    from November 21st 1996 to January 1997
  • Francisco Goya. Capricci, follie e disastri della guerra
    San Donato Milanese
    2000
    Opere grafiche della Fondazione Antonio Mazzotta
  • Goya. Opera grafica
    Pinacoteca del Castello di San Giorgio
    Legnano
    2006
    exhibition celebrated from December 16th 2006 to April 1st 2007
  • Goya et la modernité
    Pinacothèque de Paris
    París
    2013
    from October 11st 2013 to March 16th 2014
Bibliografía
  • Aureliano de Beruete Y Moret
    Goya, grabador
    MadridBlass S.A.
    1918
    cat. 156
  • Tomás Harris
    Goya engravings and lithographs, vol. I y II.
    Bruno Cassirer
    1964
    cat. 174
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    cat. 1082
  • Elena M. (Coordinadora) Santiago
    Catálogo de las estampas de Goya en la Biblioteca Nacional
    MadridMinisterio de Educación y Cultura, Biblioteca Nacional
    1996
    cat. 263
Enlaces externos
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