Francisco de Goya

Commerce (El Comercio) (sketch)

Commerce (El Comercio) (sketch)
Datos Generales
Ca. 1801 - 1804
Private collection, New York, New York, United States
Diámetro 32 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Private collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
21 Jan 2010 / 12 Mar 2012

This is a sketch for the painting Commerce which Goya painted for Godoy's palace.

Análisis artístico

This study presents notable differences from the final piece. The scene shows a room larger than that depicted in the definitive version containing not just one table but a whole row of tables with people sitting at them engrossed in their tasks. The man with the turban is still the main figure in the sketch, but his companion is not present, replaced by a pile of sacks. The absence of the stork which appears in the final painting is notable. This detail suggests that Goya conceived of the allegory of commerce as an everyday scene from the first moment, and later added the figure of the stork in order to include a few allegorical allusions.

Sánchez Cantón studied the inventory of works stored in Goya's house drawn up on the death of Josefa Bayeu in 1812. Among the list of works are five canvasses with an allegorical theme. Four of these are "the Arts", probably the sketches for the series of allegories painted for Godoy's palace. The fifth was "Time", identified as a study for the composition Truth, Time, and History.

  • Cómo vivía Goya
    Archivo Español del Arte
    Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón
    p. 86
    XIX, n.73
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 165, 190, cat. 693
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 323, cat. 477
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 110, cat. 327
Enlaces externos
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