Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1801 - 1805
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
Diámetro 227 cm
Técnica y soporte
Tempera on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
21 Feb 2010 / 21 Jun 2017
Inventario
98 (P02546)
Historia

See Agriculture.

Análisis artístico

The scene representing commerce is an everyday one. It shows what seems to be an oriental shop, as if Goya had wished to represent trade on a grand scale with faraway countries. Illuminated by the light which filters through the window on the right, two men (one of whom is wearing a turban) are writing at a table. Under the table, we can seem some sacks, while in the foreground there is a stork, an animal which accompanied depictions of commerce, according to Ripa and Badouin, since these birds help each other, just as trade requires the mutual trust and support of the different parties.

This composition is the most original of the three, since the scheme of triangular planes distinguished by lighting is not repeated; rather, the focus is on the commercial activity being carried out at the table, leaving the rest of the scene in the dark without giving it much importance. In the background we can make out another desk where a man and a woman are leafing through a book.

For more information on the whole series, see Agriculture.

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    Barcelona
    1977
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 137, cat. 94
    1928-1950
  • La elaboración de un cuadro de Goya
    Archivo Español de Arte
    Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón
    pp. 301-307
    XVII, n.71
    1945
  • Goya's allegories of fact and fiction
    The Burlington Magazine
    Martín S. Soria
    pp. 196-200
    XC
    1948
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 165, 189, cat. 690
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 323, cat. 478
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 110, cat. 328
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Goya’s Allegories and the Sphinxes: Comerce, Agriculture, Industry and Science in situ
    The Burlington Magazine
    Isadora Rose-De Viejo
    pp. 34-39
    CXXVI, 970
    1984
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. III, p. 290 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya, Saturno y melancolía. Consideraciones sobre el arte de Goya
    Folke Nordström
    p. 120
    1989
    La Balsa de la Medusa (Edición original: Estocolmo, Almqvis & Wiksell, 1962)
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    p. 389, cat. 116 y p. 212 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
Enlaces externos
Volver
Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar su navegación. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta el uso de cookies.