Francisco de Goya

El duque de Wellington

Clasificación
El duque de Wellington
Datos Generales
Cronología
1812
Ubicación
The British Museum, London, United Kingdom
Dimensiones
23 x 17 cm
Técnica y soporte
Pencil and sanguine on laid paper
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Trustees of The British Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
18 Apr 2010 / 30 Jul 2014
Inventario
200 (1862.7.12.185)
Inscripciones

Lord Weling.n estudio p.a el retrato / equestre q.e pinto Goya ("Lord Wellington, study for equestrian portrait painted by Goya", in the bottom margin, written by Valentín Carderera).

Al espirar Fran Juan Fernandez Augustino ("On the death of Fran Juan Fernández Augustino", on the back. This is another drawing in pencil. By Valentín Carderera?).

Historia

This drawing belonged to Javier Goya y Bayeu, then to Mariano Goya y Goicoechea, and then to Valentín Cardedera y de Colnaghi, London. It was acquired by the British Museum in 1862.

Análisis artístico

This sanguine drawing is a half-length portrait of the Duke of Wellington and is very similar in appearance to the portrait made around this same time in oil on a wood panel. This drawing almost certainly also served as a model for the head in the duke's equestrian portrait. However, comparing both portraits, we can see that the drawing is missing several medals which are present in the oil painting. This portrait was almost certainly made from life, something which is confirmed by comments left by Sir James McGrigor, head of the Staff Medical Services, who was in the room where Goya was drawing the general (Juliet Wilson-Bareau, Goya en tiempos de guerra, p. 279).

In this work, the Duke of Wellington appears tired, worn by the months of combat and by the effort of leading the English army during the Spanish War of Independence.

Underneath the red sanguine chalk of the drawing, Goya first made a pencil drawing, leaving a blank space at the bottom, probably to make room for the title.

Exposiciones
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
  • Reinassance to Goya. Prints and drawings from Spain
    British Museum
    London
    2012
    exhibition organized from September 20 2012 to January 6 2013, British Museum, London
Bibliografía
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 262, cat. 898
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Dibujos de Goya, 2 vols
    Pierre Gassier
    pp. 47, cat.19
    1975
    Noguer
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués
    pp. 274, 275, 276 (il.) y 279
    2008
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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