Francisco de Goya

General Antonio Ricardos y Carrillo de Albornoz (El general Antonio Ricardos y Carrillo de Albornoz)

Clasificación
General Antonio Ricardos y Carrillo de Albornoz (El general Antonio Ricardos y Carrillo de Albornoz)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1793 - 1794
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
112 x 84 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
01 Feb 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(P02784)
Historia

This painting was given by María Francisca Dávila, widow of General Ricardos, as a gift to Manuel Godoy in 1794. It was among the assets seized from Godoy by Ferdinand VII in 1808. In 1813 it was returned to the Countess of Chinchón, being stored in the palace of Boadilla del Monte, in Madrid. From there it entered the collection of Pedro Fernández Durán y Bernaldo de Quirós, who left it to the Prado Museum in 1930, where it was hung in the room dedicated to Fernández Durán, inaugurated on 20 June 1931, in accordance with the conditions of the donation.

Análisis artístico

General Antonio Ricardos (Barbastro, 1727-Madrid, 1794), was a distinguished soldier as well as a patron of poetry, the arts and music. As a young man, he entered the Cavalry Corps, later founding the Ocaña Military School for officers, and was a member of Madrid's Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country. A man of progressive ideas, he was pursued by the Inquisition and by Floridablanca, for which reasons he was posted to Guipúzcoa as Captain General of the province. He took part in the campaigns in Italy and Portugal. He was a Knight of Santiago and, in 1792, was awarded the insignia and sash of Charles III. In 1793 he carried out his most important campaign, defeating the French army at Trouilles.

Here, Goya shows him seated in a pink upholstered armchair over a dark, neutral background. He is elegantly dressed in military uniform, in yellow tones that match his gloves, a dark dress coat with red and gold adornments and braiding and the medals earned throughout his military career: the insignia of the Order of Santiago and the cross and sash of the Order of Charles III.

On his face, aged by the years and weathered by his military campaigns, we can see the white mark left by the hat on his forehead, above the more golden tones of the rest of his face. According to some scholars, this work could be a preparatory study for the full-length portrait of the general also completed around this same time, and of questionable attribution. Some of the details, such as the finishing touches on the metals, embroidery and lace, may be the work of another painter.

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    Barcelona
    1977
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • Goya. La década de Los Caprichos
    Madrid
    1992
    organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 26, cat. 305
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 170, cat. 337
  • vol. I, p. 288, cat. 328
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. II, p. 118
  • Nigel (comisario) Glendinning
    La década de los Caprichos. Retratos 1792-1804
    MadridReal Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
    1992
    p. 131, cat. 63
  • ANSÓN NAVARRO, Arturo
    Goya y Aragón. Familia, amistades y encargos artísticos
    col. Col. Mariano de Pano y Ruata
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de la Inmaculada de Aragón
    1995
    pp. 178 (il.)-182
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    pp.171 (il.), 359 y 360, cat. 82
Enlaces externos
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