Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1812 - 1816
Ubicación
Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Agen, Agen, France
Dimensiones
105 x 84 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Musée des Beaux-arts d' Agen
Ficha: realización/revisión
19 May 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Historia

This work belonged to the collection of Javier Goya before moving to its current location. It appears in the inventory carried out by Brugada following the death of Francisco de Goya. It later went to the Madrazo collection, and from there to the Count of Chaudordy, the French ambassador in Spain, who bequeathed it to the Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Agen in 1899.

Análisis artístico

A hot air balloon floats across a valley, passing over the top of a number of people on foot and on horseback. According to Camón, the figures were painted quickly, with tiny splashes of colour applied using a spatula, some dashes of red standing out in particular. More than half of the composition is taken up by the sky, which is dominated by the white clouds in the centre of the scene. Below them, the figures rush forwards excitedly.

Goya made some drawings, including the one housed at the Hamburger Kunsthalle (Ca. 1800-1808), which may have served as preparatory studies for the subsequent execution of this painting. We can appreciate some important differences in that drawing if we compare it with this painting. In the drawing, the people are placidly watching the balloon as it moves across the sky, and there is none of the sense of dramatic movement or anxiety that we find in the painting in the French museum.

The subject of hot air balloons was a rather popular one around the end of the 18th century. It is possible that he could have seen the painting by Antonio Carnicero (Salamanca, 1748-Madrid, 1814) entitled The Ascent of a Montgolfier Balloon in Aranjuez (Prado Museum, Madrid). In his work, Carnicero records the 1784 test flight by the French pilot Bouclé, in the gardens of the Spanish royal site. The difference between the painting by Carnicero and that of Goya lies in that the former displays a festive character, reflecting the sense of curiosity and wonder that the new invention of the balloon must have provoked in all those who had gathered to see it. It is a celebration of the technological and scientific innovation of the Enlightenment. In the work by Goya, on the other hand, there is an air of unease, and the people shown in it are not watching the balloon but are instead racing below it, possibly alluding to an episode from the Spanish War of Independence. According to some scholars, it was fairly common during that armed conflict for hot air balloons of this type to be deployed as support elements for troops.

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Ministry of Foreing Affairs
    Burdeos
    1951
    organized by the Bordeaux City Hall, consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 16th to June 30th 1951
  • Stora Spanska Mästare
    Nationalmuseum
    Stockholm
    1959
Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 289, cat. 268
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 265, cat. 956
  • vol. I, p. 371, cat. 667
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    cat. 571
  • Yannick Lintz
    Le Musée des Beaux-Arts d' Agen
    ParísRéunion des Musées Nationaux
    2000
    p. 86, il. 77
Enlaces externos
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