Francisco de Goya

Fray Juan Fernández de Rojas

Clasificación
Fray Juan Fernández de Rojas
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1815 - 1816
Ubicación
The Royal Academy of History, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
75 x 54 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Royal Academy of History
Ficha: realización/revisión
31 Dec 1969 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(77)
Historia

The details of the commissioning of this portrait are not known, and neither is its exact chronology, with the work being dated according to the painting technique. However, we do have the evidence left by the sitter's niece, Carmen Arteaga Fernández de Reboto, as published in the book by María Rosario Barabino. The sitter's relative speaks of the close relationship between her uncle and the painter, forged by the numerous artistic discussions that the two men had, the artist being aware of the other man's profound knowledge of art. The high esteem in which the artist held Friar Juan resulted in the painting of this portrait, despite the constant refusals of the monk. This is a portrait in which, in the words of Carmen Arteaga, Goya employed "all of his artistic knowledge, particular in the likeness and the colouring".

Margarita Moreno de las Heras suggests that the work belonged to the sitter and was inherited by his niece, Carmen Arteaga Fernández de Reboto, in Madrid. It later became the property, again by inheritance, of her brother, Santiago de Arteaga. In his will, and with the agreement of Fray Juan himself, it entered the collection of the Royal Academy of History in 1857.

Análisis artístico

Juan Fernández de Rojas (Colmenar de Oreja, Madrid, 1750-Madrid, 1819) was an intellectual and an expert in philosophy, literature, poetry and theology. He trained at the Poetic School of Salamanca, teaching at the Augustinian school of San Felipe el Real - in the Madrid convent of which he died - and was professor of theology and philosophy in Toledo. An advocate of modern theology, he came under attack from the more conservative quarter of the Church. He became famous for his Christian speeches and his writings: literary criticism and satirical plays. He was a close friend of Goya, advising the painter on art and aesthetics, and the satire practised by both men in their respective fields of literature and painting gave them a shared way of seeing the world.

In this portrait, Goya has focused all of his attention on the facial features of the cleric, paying little attention to his clothing or the background. As such, the black cassock appears as a shapeless mass, dark and flat, like a triangular compositional element on top of which the magnificently executed head rests. The background is of an indeterminate greenish grey colour, and is also flat. The face of Friar Juan Fernández reflects wisdom through his intense gaze. It is executed using short brushstrokes that have been carefully built up to form the features, resulting in what is one of Goya's most attractive portraits from the period.

Exposiciones
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1963
    cat. 66
  • Pinturas de Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1928
    consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From Apri to -May 1928
  • Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1983
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari. From April 19th to June 20th 1983
  • Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1988
    from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayre
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    vol. II, p. 178, cat. 465
  • Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón
    Los cuadros de Goya en la Real Academia de la Historia
    Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia Conmemorativo del Bicentenario del Nacimiento de Francisco de Goya
    Madrid
    1946
    pp. 241-252
  • Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón
    “Fray Juan Fernández de Rojas y Goya” en Homenaje a Rodríguez Moñino, vol. I
    1966
    pp. 19-22
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    pp. 298, 377, cat. 1555
  • vol. I, p. 363, cat. 640
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 128, cat. 581
  • María Rosario Barabino
    Fray Juan Fernández de Rojas: su obra y su significación en el siglo XVIII
    MadridUniversidad Complutense
    1981
    p. 93
  • MENA, Manuela B. (comisaria) and PÉREZ SÁNCHEZ, Alfonso E. y SAYRE, Eleanor A. (directores)
    Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1988
    p. 369, cat. 120 y p. 370 (il.)
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    p. 388, cat. 115 y p. 249 (il.)
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado
    2008
    p. 446, cat. 162 y p. 447 (il.)
Enlaces externos
Volver
Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar su navegación. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta el uso de cookies.