Francisco de Goya

General Nicolas Philippe Guye

General Nicolas Philippe Guye
Datos Generales
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, United States
106 x 84 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
Ficha: realización/revisión
07 Apr 2010 / 14 Apr 2021

Sor Dn Nicolas Guye, Marquis de Rio-Milanos, Général Aide de Camps de S.M. Catholique, Membre de la Légion d'Honneur de l'Empire Français, Commandeur de l'Ordre des Deux-Siciles et Commandeur de l'Ordre Royal de'Espagne, etc. Né à Lons-le-Saunier (Jura) le I er mai 1773. Donné à Vincent Guye, son frère. A Madrid, le Ier octobre 1810 Pintado por Goya ("Don Nicolas Guye, Marquis of Rio-Milanos, Adjutant General to His Cathol


canvas, now covered by the lining and brought to light by Beruete in 1913, this portrait and that of the sitter's nephew, Victor Guye, was presented as a gift to Nicolas-Philippe's brother, Vincent Guye, in 1810.

Before arriving at its current location it was in several different collections: Vincent Guye, Madrid and France; the Guye family; Trotti & Cie, Paris; M. Knoedler & Co., Paris, London and New York; acquired in 1916 by Mr and Mrs J. Horace Harding, New York; and later by John Lee Pratt, New York. It was bequeathed to the Museum of Fine Arts in Richmond, Virginia, in 1971 by John Lee Pratt.

Análisis artístico

It was Beruete who first brought this painting and its pair, the portrait of Victor Guye, to light, claiming that neither of the two works had ever been exhibited or reproduced before.

Nicolas-Philippe Guye was a distinguished French general who served in the Napoleonic Wars. He was born in 1773 in Lons-le-Saunier, into a bourgeois family. He fought alongside Napoleon in the famous battle of Austerlitz, as well as in other important military campaigns. An aide of King Joseph Bonaparte in Spain, in 1809 he received the title of Knight of the Royal Order of Spain. When he left Spain, after his very active role in the Spanish War of Independence, he was named an Officer of the Legion of Honour. In 1815, he took part in the campaign of Waterloo.

Here the subject is depicted sitting upright, his back not resting on the chair, with his legs crossed and both hands gently holding his two-cornered hat. He is elegantly dressed in military uniform, where, in addition to the golden epaulettes, his many medals stand out, with the most striking being the red sash and cross of Knight Commander of the Royal Order of Spain.

The general, who is looking straight out at the viewer, is painted with a certain serious and melancholy look upon his face. Manuela Mena points to a possible difficult relationship between Goya and his sitter.

  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
  • Aureliano de Beruete Y Moret
    Deux portraits inédits
    Les Artsn. 136
    núm. 136, París, 1913, pp.1-4
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    p. 291, cat. 550 s
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    p. 261, cat. 883
  • vol. I, p. 342, cat. 553
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    vol. III, p. 184
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado
    pp. 266, 267 (il.) y 268, cat. 74
Enlaces externos
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