- The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, United States
- 120 x 87 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- The Cleveland Museum of Art
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 07 Apr 2010 / 15 Sep 2022
Dn. Juan Anto / Cuerbo / Directr de la Rl / Academia de Sn Fernando / Por su Amigo Goya / año 1819
("Don Juan Antonio Cuervo, Director of the Royal Academy of San Fernando, By his Friend Goya, 1819", lower left).
This work was in the collection of Francisco Durán y Sirvent, in Madrid. It was later acquired by Paul Durand-Ruel, of Paris. Subsequently, it was owned by John D. Rockfeller, in Greenwich and New York, and later by Jacques Seligman, in New York. Its next owner, William H. Marlatt, took it to the museum where it is housed today.
Juan Antonio Cuervo (Oviedo, 1757-Madrid, 1834) was an important neoclassical architect. He studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, and later became its director. It is in that role that Goya paints him here, in what was to be the artist's last official portrait, since he left life at court soon after to retire to his house of the Quinta del Sordo. The artist also painted the nephew of the director of the academy, Tiburcio Pérez Cuervo, who, as well as being an architect, was a close friend of Goya, as the carefree air of his portrait confirms.
This official portrait represents the architect dressed in an elegant black jacket with golden needlework at the cuffs and the neck. He is sitting in an armchair and is resting his hands, one of which is holding a pair of compasses, on a table. Covering the table are the plans for a building, identified as the church of San Sebastián, in Madrid, or possibly that of Santiago, in the same city. Although this is an official portrait, its background is dark and neutral, and the features of the sitter's slightly puffy face are handled with a marked realism.
Goya 1900Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas ArtesMadrid1900consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900cat. 106
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GoyaKoninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen MauritshuisThe Hauge1970organized by Ministerio de Estado y Asuntos Culturales and Réunion des Musées Nationaux, July 4th to September 13th 1970. Exhibited also at the Musée de l’Orangerie des Tuileries, Paris, October 25th to December 7th 1970, consultant editors Jeannine Baticle and A. B. de Vriescat. 50
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 151
Goya: Order and disorderMuseum of Fine ArtsBoston2014cat. 124
L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 volsParís1928-1950vol. II, p. 219, cat. 508
Goya and his sittersNew YorkThe Hispanic Society of America1964pp. 41-42
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970pp. 298, 377, cat. 1561
vol. I, p. 375, cat. 691
L’opera pittorica completa di GoyaMilanRizzoli1974p. 131, cat. 612
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982p. 420, cat. 151 y p. 252 (il.)
Goya. 250 AniversarioMadridMuseo del Prado1996p. 420, cat. 151 y p. 252 (il.)
Goya: Order & DisorderBostonMuseum of Fine Arts Boston Publications2014p. 202