Francisco de Goya

Juan Bautista Muguiro

Clasificación
Juan Bautista Muguiro
Datos Generales
Cronología
1827
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
103 x 85 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
29 Mar 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(P02898)
Inscripciones

D.n Juan de Muguiro, por / su amigo Goya á los / 81. años, en Burdeos, / mayo de 1827 ("Don Juan de Muguiro, by his friend Goya, at 81 years of age, in Bordeaux, May 1827", on the desk, in the lower right-hand corner).

Historia

Goya painted this portrait in Bordeaux, where both he and the sitter were living at the time.

The work remained in the Muguiro family for years. It was the sitter's grandson, Juan Bautista Muguiro y Beruete, second Count of Muguiro, who bequeathed it to the Prado Museum in his will of 1908. The painting did not enter the museum's collection until 1945, since until that time it remained in the possession of the donor's brother, Fermín, who also gave the work The Milkmaid of Bordeaux to the museum.

Análisis artístico

Juan Bautista de Muguiro e Irivaren (1786-1856) was the brother of José Francisco de Muguiro, who was married to Manuela Goicoechea, the older sister of Goya's daughter-in-law. Although it is possible that the painter had already met Juan de Muguiro in Madrid, it was in Bordeaux that they formed a close relationship, the two men belonging to the same circle of intellectuals and Spanish exiles. Thanks to the ties made with these people, Goya's last portraits, many of which are of this same circle, specialized in bourgeois subjects.

The Muguiro brothers owned a banking and trading firm founded years before by their uncle, Irivaren. It appears that they had become involved in Napoleon's finances, and they had left Spain for that reason. Juan Bautista had left the country before Goya, the father-in-law of his son and the married couple of José Francisco and Manuela arrived in Bordeaux. Upon Goya's death, Muguiro insisted on acquiring The Milkmaid of Bordeaux, which he bought from Leocadia Zorrilla.

In this painting, Goya was experimenting with a new type of portrait, one with a simpler composition, neutral background and a far more limited and darker colour palette than that used in previous portraits. Here we see Juan de Muguiro sitting beside his desk, on top of which sit an inkwell and various papers, represented in a very rough manner, with a high degree of abstraction. The businessman is depicted with a letter in his hands, which he appears to be reading. His relaxed posture and calm expression give us a feeling of confidence, something of vital importance in the subject's trade. He is wearing a dark suit, white shirt and dark tie - austere and serious attire, in keeping with his profession.

Exposiciones
  • Goya 1900
    Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas Artes
    Madrid
    1900
    consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900
  • Pintura española de la primera mitad del siglo XIX
    Sociedad Española de Amigos del Arte
    Madrid
    1913
  • Pinturas de Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1928
    consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From Apri to -May 1928
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    Barcelona
    1977
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • De Greco á Picasso. Cinq siècles d’art espagnol
    Musée du Petit Palais
    París
    1987
    from October 10th 1987 to January 3th 1988
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    vol. II, p. 235, cat. 526
  • Manojo de noticias. La suerte de Goya en Francia
    Bulletin Hispanique, Annales de la Faculté des Lettres de BordeauxII, 3
    1950
    pp. 253-254
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    pp. 356, 361, cat. 1663
  • vol. I, p. 388, cat. 762
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 137, cat. 694
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. IV, p. 221 y p. 213 (il.)
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    p. 435, cat. 169 y p. 276 (il.)
Enlaces externos
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