Francisco de Goya

The Family of the Duke of Osuna (La familia del Duque de Osuna)

Clasificación
The Family of the Duke of Osuna (La familia del Duque de Osuna)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1788
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
225 x 174 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
31 Jan 2010 / 24 Sep 2012
Inventario
147 (P00739)
Historia

This canvas remained in the Casa de Osuna household until 1896. It was donated by the family to the Prado Museum in 1897.

Análisis artístico

The Duke and Duchess of Osuna were a couple with a keen interest in the arts and culture. The duke was president of the Royal Economic Society of Madrid, of which his wife was also a member. The Spanish Royal Academy named the Duke of Osuna an honorary member in 1787, and then a full member in 1793. The family's home was often the meeting place for intellectuals and artists, including such characters as Moratín, Tomás Iriarte, Ramón de la Cruz and, of course, Goya.

This portrait depicts Don Pedro de Alcántara Téllez Girón y Pacheco, Marquis of Peñafiel, IX Duke of Osuna, with his wife, Doña María Josefa Alonso Pimentel y Borja, Countess and Duchess of Benavente, and their four children: on the left, Francisco de Borja, who would later become the X Duke of Osuna; sitting on a cushion, Pedro de Alcántara, later one of the Prado Museum's first directors, along with his mother; Joaquina, Marchioness of Santa Cruz; and, holding her father's hand, the first-born, Josefa Manuela, the future Duchess of Abrantes.

The Duke and Duchess of Osuna were among Goya's best patrons. As well as this portrait, they commissioned several cabinet paintings including the seven paintings of countryside themes and the six scenes of witchcraft for their property of La Alameda, which the duchess hung in her cabinet there. They also commissioned the artist to paint the portraits of the monarchs Charles IV and María Luisa to mark their coronation.

This family portrait was one of the best that Goya ever painted.

The painter's affection for this family can be seen in the careful way he has painted their faces, especially those of the children. The figures stand out against a dark, neutral background, except for the Duke, who appears in a more brightly lit area. The colours are very uniform; the girls and the mother wear matching dresses and the boys, at play, are also dressed in matching suits of the same green colour, with pink sashes. The only figure who stands apart is Don Pedro, who is wearing a dark dress coat with bold dashes of red.

Sánchez Cantón points out that this is the first time that the influence of English art, and of Gainsborough in particular, can be seen in one of Goya's compositions.

On 16 October 1788, Goya presented the bill for this painting and the portraits of Charles IV and María Luisa. In total the three works cost 16,000 reales.

Exposiciones
  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1963
    cat. 66
  • Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1988
    from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayre
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1996
    consultant editor Federico Torralba Soriano. From October 3th to December 1st 1996
Bibliografía
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 98, cat. 278
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 281, cat. 292
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. II, pp. 79 y 37 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    pp.160 (il.), 161(det.) y 353, cat. 73
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Federico (comisario) Torralba Soriano
    pp. 100 y 101 (il.), cat. 27
    1996
    Madrid, Gobierno de Aragón y Electa
Enlaces externos
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