Francisco de Goya

The Forge (La fragua)

The Forge (La fragua)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1815 - 1820
Ubicación
The Frick Collection. New York, New York, United States
Dimensiones
181.6 x 125 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
The Frick Collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
25 Apr 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(1914.1.65)
Historia

The work belonged to Javier Goya and was acquired by Baron Taylor for the Spanish Gallery of Louis-Philippe I of Orleans. The painting was then sold at Christie's of London in 1853 for the sum of 10 pounds. It belonged to Henry Clay Frick, the founder of the collection of which it forms a part today.

Análisis artístico

This genre painting depicts three men working in a forge, gathered around a fire. One of them has his back to the viewer, with his arms raised, brandishing a hammer as he prepares to strike the red hot plate on the anvil. A second man faces the viewer, while the third, older than the other two, seems to be carrying out a task requiring less physical effort. The attitudes of the bodies in tension and the violent movements they make give the scene great realism. Goya probably had the chance to observe similar scenes in the flesh which allowed him to capture this realism. In fact, there is a drawing in Album F with the same composition which may have been a study from life. The workers' attire contributes to the heightened drama, revealing the figures' muscular arms and chests, and denoting the suffocating heat which was associated with this kind of work.

Goya uses quite a dark palette for this work, and the use of black presages the artistic style of the artist's final years.

Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    vol. I, p. 285, cat. 264 NB
  • pp. 256, 266, cat. 965 y p. 244 (il.)
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    vol. I, p. 373, cat. 682
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 128, cat. 572
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. IV, p. 71 y p. 100 (il.)
Enlaces externos
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