- Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- 73 x 56 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 25 Feb 2010 / 15 Sep 2022
The note that Moratín wrote in his diary for the 16th July 1799 ("To Goya's house: portrait") referred to one of the sessions in which he posed for this painting.
It came from the collection of Doña Francisca Muñoz Ortez, to whom the sitter gave it as a gift in 1817. It was bequeathed to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 1827.
Leandro Fernández de Moratín (Madrid, 1760-Paris, 1828) was the most important Spanish dramatist of the 19th century. His father, Nicolás Fernandez de Moratín, was also a dramatist and a poet. Chosen as Cabarrús's secretary, he travelled to several different European countries, and especially to France, a country which he came to know well and, like many of his ilustrado friends, became a Francophile. In France they saw a model to imitate in order to solve the problems of poverty and cultural backwardness that Spain was suffering. For his support of the French he was eventually sent into exile to France, where he died. He wrote poetry, odes, sonnets and romances, but he was best known as a playwright, writing famous plays such as the comedy The Maidens' Consent (El sí de las niñas). There exist numerous accounts of his friendship with Goya.
Here, he is shown in front of a dark background, a characteristic trait of so many of Goya's portraits. The scene is lit by a powerful source of light which falls directly on his forehead and cheekbones, revealing to us an alert, intelligent and somewhat reserved character. He is wearing a dark brown jacket, which adds even more chiaroscuro contrast to the composition.
Goya later painted another portrait of Moratín when both men were living in exile in Bordeaux.
Goya nelle collezioni private di SpagneVilla FavoritaLugano1986consultant editor Marta Medina. From June 15th to October 15th 1986cat. 29
Goya. La década de Los CaprichosMadrid1992organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993cat. 50
Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828Museo de ZaragozaZaragoza1996consultant editor Federico Torralba Soriano. From October 3th to December 1st 1996
L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 volsParís1928-1950p.108, cat. 390
The younger Moratin and goya: on Duendees and BrujasHispanic ReviewXXVII1959p. 103-122
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 189, cat. 685
vol. I, p. 307, cat. 411
La década de los Caprichos. Retratos 1792-1804MadridReal Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando1992p. 149, cat. 50
Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828MadridGobierno de Aragón y Electa España1996p. 130