Francisco de Goya

Leandro Fernández de Moratín

Clasificación
Leandro Fernández de Moratín
Datos Generales
Cronología
1799
Ubicación
Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
73 x 56 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
Ficha: realización/revisión
25 Feb 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(671)
Historia

The note that Moratín wrote in his diary for the 16th July 1799 ("To Goya's house: portrait") referred to one of the sessions in which he posed for this painting.

It came from the collection of Doña Francisca Muñoz Ortez, to whom the sitter gave it as a gift in 1817. It was bequeathed to the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 1827.

Análisis artístico

Leandro Fernández de Moratín (Madrid, 1760-Paris, 1828) was the most important Spanish dramatist of the 19th century. His father, Nicolás Fernandez de Moratín, was also a dramatist and a poet. Chosen as Cabarrús's secretary, he travelled to several different European countries, and especially to France, a country which he came to know well and, like many of his ilustrado friends, became a Francophile. In France they saw a model to imitate in order to solve the problems of poverty and cultural backwardness that Spain was suffering. For his support of the French he was eventually sent into exile to France, where he died. He wrote poetry, odes, sonnets and romances, but he was best known as a playwright, writing famous plays such as the comedy The Maidens' Consent (El sí de las niñas). There exist numerous accounts of his friendship with Goya.

Here, he is shown in front of a dark background, a characteristic trait of so many of Goya's portraits. The scene is lit by a powerful source of light which falls directly on his forehead and cheekbones, revealing to us an alert, intelligent and somewhat reserved character. He is wearing a dark brown jacket, which adds even more chiaroscuro contrast to the composition.

Goya later painted another portrait of Moratín when both men were living in exile in Bordeaux.

 

 

Exposiciones
  • Goya nelle collezioni private di Spagne
    Villa Favorita
    Lugano
    1986
    consultant editor Marta Medina. From June 15th to October 15th 1986
  • Goya. La década de Los Caprichos
    Madrid
    1992
    organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1996
    consultant editor Federico Torralba Soriano. From October 3th to December 1st 1996
Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p.108, cat. 390
  • Edith Helman
    The younger Moratin and goya: on Duendees and Brujas
    Hispanic ReviewXXVII
    1959
    p. 103-122
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 189, cat. 685
  • vol. I, p. 307, cat. 411
  • Nigel (comisario) Glendinning
    La década de los Caprichos. Retratos 1792-1804
    MadridReal Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
    1992
    p. 149, cat. 50
  • Federico (comisario) Torralba Soriano
    Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Madrid, Gobierno de Aragón y Electa
    1996
    p. 130
Enlaces externos
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