Francisco de Goya

Luis María de Bourbon y Vallabriga (Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga)

Clasificación
Luis María de Bourbon y Vallabriga (Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1783
Ubicación
Museum of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Dimensiones
134 x 113 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
PLAZA Foundation
Ficha: realización/revisión
18 Jan 2010 / 11 Feb 2013
Inventario
143 (en depósito)
Historia

This work was commissioned by the Infante Luis Antonio Jaime de Bourbon. It has subsequently belonged to a number of different collections: that of Arenas de San Pedro (Ávila), 1783-1785; Boadilla del Monte (Madrid), 1785-1797; María Teresa de Vallabriga (1797-1820); María Teresa de Bourbon y Vallabriga (1820-1828); Carlota Luisa de Godoy y Bourbon (1828-1886); Alfonso Ruspoli y Godoy (1886-1914); Carlos Luis Ruspoli (1914-1936); and María del Rosario Ignacia Álvarez de Toledo Ruspoli, Marchioness of Pontejos (1943-2006). It was acquired in 2006 by the PLAZA Foundation and deposited that same year in the Museum of Zaragoza.

Análisis artístico

Luis María de Bourbon y Vallabriga (Cadalso de los Vidrios, Madrid, 1777-Madrid, 1823) was the son of the Infante Don Luis de Bourbon, brother of Charles III, and María Teresa de Vallabriga. From an early age he received a careful upbringing and education from great teachers, with whom he studied subjects which included geography, mathematics and natural sciences, as well as music and dance. Later on, his uncle Charles III sent Luis María to study in Toledo under the tutelage of a humanist cleric. There, the boy lived in the archbishop's palace and began to take an interest in the affairs of the Church, finally deciding to become a priest. He reached the rank of Archbishop of Seville in 1799 and was later designated cardinal by Pope Pius VII in 1800.

The portrait depicts the infante at the age of six, in the centre of the composition, inside a room (a study room). He is standing and his body is turned slightly to the right, whilst his head is looking straight out at the viewer. He is wearing court dress, with white shirt and stockings, a waistcoat, dress coat and trousers of a striking Prussian blue (indicating his belonging to a royal family). His clothes are decorated with lace frills at the cuffs and chest, as well as a large bow used to tie back his hair at the back of his neck and buckles both on the trousers and on his red, heeled shoes, a discrete reference to his noble standing. In his right hand he holds a piece of a geographical jigsaw puzzle, whilst with the other he holds a pair of compasses. Behind him and on the right-hand side of the composition are an armchair, against which a framed map of Europe rests, and which bears the inscription shown above. On the other side is a carved table decorated in gold, on top of which are laid out various paper maps and the jigsaw puzzle that the infante is about to finish. The infante's face stands out sharply against the neutral background, and is given even greater presence and a perceived proximity to the viewer thanks to the cold colours of his clothing.

Goya went on to paint Luis María de Bourbon y Vallabriga on two subsequent occasions, full length and dressed as cardinal, these two works today being found in the São Paulo Museum of Art (Brazil) and the Prado Museum, Madrid.

The work formed a pair with another, depicting the subject's sister,María Teresa de Bourbon y Vallabriga, future Countess of Chinchón, in a garden and with a natural landscape in the background (National Gallery of Art, Washington, USA).

Conservación

The condition of the painting prior to its restoration was reasonably good. However, small losses of material had occurred in the painting over time, affecting different areas of the surface, and caused by the craquelure in the paint layer.

The painting was restored at the Prado Museum in 2006.

Exposiciones
  • Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2007
    organized by Fundación Goya en Aragón at the Museo de Zaragoza, consultant editors María Luisa Arguís and Miguel Beltrán Lloris. From September 25th 2007 to January 8th 2008
  • Goya e Italia
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragóna, consultant editor Joan Sureda Pons. From June 1st to September 15th 2008
  • Goya y el infante don Luis: el exilio y el reino.
    Palacio Real, Madrid
    Madrid
    2012
    Arte y ciencia en la época de la ilustración española. Responsable científico Francisco Calvo Serraller. Del octubre de 2012 a enero de 2013.
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. II, p.14, cat. 293
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 94, cat. 209
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 258, cat. 149
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, p. 151 y 273 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • La infanta María Teresa de Vallabriga en Zaragoza y su colección de pintura y alhajas
    Revista Artigrama
    M. García Guatas
    pp.421-439
    16
    2001
  • Pinturas que poseyó el infante don Luis en la colección de Patrimonio Nacional (1845-1850)
    Goya
    S. Domínguez Fuentes
    n. 304
    2005
  • Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga. Francisco de Goya
    María Luisa (comisaria) Arguís and Miguel (comisario) Beltrán Lloris
    cat. 10
    2007
    Gobierno de Aragón, Dpto. de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
  • Goya e Italia, 2 vols.
    Joan (comisario) Sureda Pons
    pp. 298-299 (il.), cat. 272
    2008
    Fundación Goya en Aragón y Turner
  • Goya y el infante don Luis de Borbón (Homenaje a la “Infanta” María Teresa de Vallabriga)
    VVAA
    p.27
    1996
    Ibercaja
Enlaces externos
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