- Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- 180 x 267 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Undisputed work
- Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 09 Mar 2010 / 22 Nov 2022
Executed between August and September of 1801 as a commission from Charles IV to commemorate the victory in the War of the Oranges, this work was in the Godoy collection and then later entered the academy in 1816.
Manuel Godoy Álvarez de Faria (Castuera, Badajoz, 1767-Paris, 1851) went from a provincial nobleman to prime minister during the reign of Charles IV, and became one of the most influential men of his time. He was Duke of Alcudia and Sueca, and came to be known as the Prince of Peace. He married María Teresa de Bourbon, the first cousin of the king and the future Countess of Chinchón, although he also took a lover, Pepita Tudó, whom he married following the death of his first wife in 1828.
Goya was commissioned to paint this portrait by Charles IV to commemorate the War of the Oranges, a military episode that occurred between May and July of 1801 on the Spanish-Portuguese border. It received its name after the Spanish forces took the city of Olivenza, in celebration of which Godoy picked some oranges and had them sent back home to his wife.
Manuel Godoy appears here dressed in the uniform of Captain General, on the battlefield. He is slouched down in an armchair, in a relaxed and arrogant manner, with his baton between his crossed legs and holding a piece of paper in his right hand. Behind him is another officer, who has been identified as the artillery captain Joaquín Navarro Sangrán. On the left-hand side of the composition we can see two captured enemy flags, which the king gave as a gift to Godoy, and in the background are a number of hussars and cavalry officers with their respective mounts. Behind all of these figures extends an open, rocky landscape, painted in a dramatic, sensationalist dusky light, which contrasts strongly with the bright, even light used for the main figure. At the time the painting was made, Godoy was at the height of his power.
Stora Spanska MästareNationalmuseumStockholm1959cat. 24
Goya y el espíritu de la IlustraciónMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1988from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayrecat. 64
GoyaLa Lonja, Torreón Fortea y Museo Pablo GargalloZaragoza1992consultant editor Julián Gállegocat. 38
Goya. La década de Los CaprichosMadrid1992organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993cat. 11
Goya en tiempos de guerraMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid2008consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008cat. 31
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 197, cat. 796
vol. I, p. 312, cat. 435
Goya en tiempos de guerraMadridMuseo Nacional del Prado2008pp. 194 y 195 (il.), cat. 31