Francisco de Goya

Mariana de Pontejos de Sandoval, Marchioness of Pontejos (Mariana de Pontejos de Sandoval, marquesa de Pontejos)

Clasificación
Mariana de Pontejos de Sandoval, Marchioness of Pontejos (Mariana de Pontejos de Sandoval, marquesa de Pontejos)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1786
Ubicación
National Gallery of Art. Washington, Washington, United States
Dimensiones
210.3 x 127 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
Andrew W. Mellon Collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
24 Jan 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(1.85(85))
Historia

This work was probably painted in 1786 when Mariana married Francisco Antonio Moñino y Redondo, Spain's Ambassador to Portugal and brother of the Count of Floridablanca.

On the death of the Duchess all her possessions were inherited by her oldest daughter, who was married to the future Marquis of Miraflores. This fact explains the provenance of this canvas:

it was passed down to the Marquis of Miraflores in Madrid, and acquired from him by Andrew W. Mellon. From his collection, the painting went on to form part of the collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Análisis artístico

The Marchioness of Pontejos (1762-1834) lived in Madrid in a palace on the Carrera de San Jerónimo until1820 when she was forced into exile to Paris. She is wearing an aristocratic grey dress decorated with chiffon, lace, pink ribbons and flowers, which give a touch of cheer and liveliness to her outfit. Goya spent a great deal of time working on the details of this dress, as can be seen from the wrinkles in the chiffon of the overskirt, which are magnificently executed. The sitter's showy, powdered wig is worn under a cream coloured bonnet, while on her feet she wears heeled chopines.

Her inexpressive face is fine and delicate. In her right hand she is holding a rose. By her side we can see a dog - a symbol of faithfulness - which is executed with light brushstrokes yet is realist in style. This type of portrait, with its idyllic landscape in the background, shows the influence of French and British styles.

Exposiciones
  • Goya 1900
    Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas Artes
    Madrid
    1900
    consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900
  • Retratos de mujeres españolas por artistas españoles anteriores a 1850
    Sociedad Española de Amigos del Arte
    Madrid
    1918
  • Pinturas de Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1928
    consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From April to May 1928
  • El arte europeo en la corte de España durante el siglo XVIII
    Galerie des Beaux-Arts
    Burdeos
    1979
    Exhibitied also at Grand Palais, París y Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  • Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1988
    from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayre
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
Bibliografía
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 94, cat. 221
  • vol. I, p. 277, cat. 266
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 101
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. II, pp. 47 y 48 (il.)
  • MENA, Manuela B. (comisaria) and PÉREZ SÁNCHEZ, Alfonso E. y SAYRE, Eleanor A. (directores)
    Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1988
    pp. 154-156, nº 9
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    pp. 154 (det.), 155 (il.) y 347
  • CALVO SERRALLER, Francisco (comisario)
    Goya, la imagen de la mujer
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado y Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado
    2001
    pp. 242 y 243 (il.)
Enlaces externos
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