- Ca. 1786
- National Gallery of Art. Washington, Washington, United States
- 210.3 x 127 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Undisputed work
- Andrew W. Mellon Collection
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 24 Jan 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
This work was probably painted in 1786 when Mariana married Francisco Antonio Moñino y Redondo, Spain's Ambassador to Portugal and brother of the Count of Floridablanca.
On the death of the Duchess all her possessions were inherited by her oldest daughter, who was married to the future Marquis of Miraflores. This fact explains the provenance of this canvas:
it was passed down to the Marquis of Miraflores in Madrid, and acquired from him by Andrew W. Mellon. From his collection, the painting went on to form part of the collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington.
The Marchioness of Pontejos (1762-1834) lived in Madrid in a palace on the Carrera de San Jerónimo until1820 when she was forced into exile to Paris. She is wearing an aristocratic grey dress decorated with chiffon, lace, pink ribbons and flowers, which give a touch of cheer and liveliness to her outfit. Goya spent a great deal of time working on the details of this dress, as can be seen from the wrinkles in the chiffon of the overskirt, which are magnificently executed. The sitter's showy, powdered wig is worn under a cream coloured bonnet, while on her feet she wears heeled chopines.
Her inexpressive face is fine and delicate. In her right hand she is holding a rose. By her side we can see a dog - a symbol of faithfulness - which is executed with light brushstrokes yet is realist in style. This type of portrait, with its idyllic landscape in the background, shows the influence of French and British styles.
Goya 1900Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas ArtesMadrid1900consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900cat. 92
Retratos de mujeres españolas por artistas españoles anteriores a 1850Sociedad Española de Amigos del ArteMadrid1918cat. 20
Pinturas de GoyaMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1928consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From April to May 1928cat. 8
El arte europeo en la corte de España durante el siglo XVIIIGalerie des Beaux-ArtsBurdeos1979Exhibitied also at Grand Palais, París y Museo Nacional del Prado, Madridcat. 14
Goya y el espíritu de la IlustraciónMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1988from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayrecat. 9
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 67
Goya. La imagen de la mujerMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid2001from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serrallercat. 60
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 94, cat. 221
vol. I, p. 277, cat. 266
L’opera pittorica completa di GoyaMilanRizzoli1974p. 101
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. II, pp. 47 y 48 (il.)
Goya y el espíritu de la IlustraciónMadridMuseo del Prado1988pp. 154-156, nº 9
Goya. 250 AniversarioMadridMuseo del Prado1996pp. 154 (det.), 155 (il.) y 347
Goya, la imagen de la mujerMadridMuseo Nacional del Prado y Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado2001pp. 242 y 243 (il.)