Francisco de Goya

Mariana Waldstein, IX Marchioness of Santa Cruz (Mariana Waldstein, IX marquesa de Santa Cruz)

Clasificación
Mariana Waldstein, IX Marchioness of Santa Cruz (Mariana Waldstein, IX marquesa de Santa Cruz)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1797 - 1800
Ubicación
Musée du Louvre, París, France
Dimensiones
142 x 97 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
Musée du Louvre
Ficha: realización/revisión
03 Feb 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(1976-69)
Historia

This work came from the family of the Marquises of Santa Cruz. In 1883 it was put up for auction at the Hôtel Drouot auction house in Paris, and later belonged to the Marquis of La Remisa, to Queen Isabella II, Groult, Grosnier, and finally David Weill, who donated it to the Louvre in 1976.

Análisis artístico

María Ana Waldstein (1763-1808) was born in Vienna and came from a noble Austrian family. She was married at the age of eighteen, in Madrid, to the Marquis of Santa Cruz, a man with close ties to Goya and who occupied an important post in Madrid's court.

She was a great lover of the arts, practising oil painting, drawing and pastels, and becoming a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. She often travelled to Italy and lived in Paris, where she became friends with Napoleon when he was still First Consul.

Goya painted the subject standing and full length, in front of a background landscape of trees and hills. She is wearing a black, high-waisted skirt with lace edging that matches the mantilla which covers her shoulders but reveals the pink clothes covering her arms, the same colour as the bow which decorates her hair. In her left hand she is holding a fan. On her feet are pointed white shoes, decorated with golden trimmings.

The attractive, carefree and youthful face of the marchioness is painted in rosy pink flesh tones, giving her a very healthy appearance.

The work is especially interesting for the contrasts between the blacks and the pinks, a colour harmony which the artist often employed.

In 1865, Louis Guillemardet donated an old small-scale copy of the work (52 x 34 cm) by an anonymous artist to the Louvre. Some writers had previously attributed this same work to Goya.

Exposiciones
  • Peintures de Goya des collections de France
    Musée de l’Orangerie
    París
    1938
  • Goya
    Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen Mauritshuis
    The Hauge
    1970
    organized by Ministerio de Estado y Asuntos Culturales and Réunion des Musées Nationaux, July 4th to September 13th 1970. Exhibited also at the Musée de l’Orangerie des Tuileries, Paris, October 25th to December 7th 1970, consultant editors Jeannine Baticle and A. B. de Vries
  • El arte europeo en la corte de España durante el siglo XVIII
    Galerie des Beaux-Arts
    Burdeos
    1979
    Exhibitied also at Grand Palais, París y Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  • Goya. La década de Los Caprichos
    Madrid
    1992
    organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • Elizabeth Du Gué Trapier
    Goya and his sitters
    New YorkThe Hispanic Society of America
    1964
    p. 8
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 189, cat. 678
  • vol. I, pp. 291 y 292, cat. 340
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    pp.182 (il.) 370 y 371, cat. 87
Enlaces externos
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