Francisco de Goya

Young Lady Wearing a Mantilla and Basquiña (Mujer joven con mantilla y basquiña)

Clasificación
Young Lady Wearing a Mantilla and Basquiña (Mujer joven con mantilla y basquiña)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1805 - 1808
Ubicación
National Gallery of Art. Washington, Washington, United States
Dimensiones
109 x 78 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
The National Gallery of Art
Ficha: realización/revisión
22 Mar 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(1963.4.2)
Historia

This work has belonged to a number of different collections and owners: Serafín García de la Huerta, Madrid; the Marchioness of Heredia, Madrid; Benito Garriga, Madrid; Hubert Debrousse, Paris; and Henry Osborne Havemeyer, New York. It was bequeathed to the National Gallery of Art in Washington in 1963.

Análisis artístico

The identity of the woman depicted in this portrait is still not known for certain. Different scholars of Goya's work have given the painting different titles, including Yriarte, who in 1867 identified the subject as The Bookseller's Wife, and Viñaza, who in 1887 called the work The Bookseller from Calle de las Fuentes. Beruete linked her to the wife of a bookseller in Calle Carretas, in Madrid, named Antonio Bailo, whose bookshop was located at number 4 of this street. However, the most recent title given to this painting is that of Young Lady Wearing a Mantilla and Basquiña, since the previously suggested titles appear to be more the result of a romantic legend than anything else.

In any case, this is a three-quarter-length portrait of a woman standing before a neutral background.

She is wearing a basquiña, a type of skirt worn by ladies of the period, and a white lace mantilla that covers her head, revealing only some of her curly hair, which falls down over her forehead. Her arms are covered by a pair of pale-coloured gloves, giving her an elegant appearance. In her left hand she holds a closed fan, whilst her right hand gathers together the mantilla in front of her chest. Around her neck she wears a necklace.

The mantilla is magnificently rendered in quick brushstrokes, giving the sensation of extreme realism shared by most of Goya's portraits.

Exposiciones
  • Loan exhibition of Painting by El Greco and Goya
    M. Knoedler and Co.
    New York
    1912
    April 1912
  • Goya. Das Zeitalter der Revolucionen. Kunst um 1800 (1980 – 1981)
    Hamburger Kunsthalle
    Hamburg
    1980
  • Goya: The Condesa de Chinchón and other Paintings, Drawings, and Prints from Spanish and American
    The National Gallery of Art
    Washington
    1986
  • Splendid legacy: The Havemeyer Collection
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    New York
    1993
    consultant editors Alice Cooney Frelinghuysen and Gary Tinterow. From March 27th to June 20th 1993
  • Goya, un regard libre
    Palais de Beaux Arts
    Lille
    1998
    from December 12th 1998 to March 14th 1999. Exhibited also at The Philadelphia Museum, Philadelphia, April 17th 1999 to July 11th 1999, consultant editor Arnauld Brejon de Lavergnée and Joseph J. Rishel in collaboration with Manuela B. Mena Marqués
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 169, cat. 445
  • Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón
    Vida y obras de Goya
    MadridEditorial Peninsular
    1951
    pp. 79 y 80
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 199, cat. 835
  • vol. I, p. 333, cat. 522
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. III, p. 143
  • CALVO SERRALLER, Francisco (comisario)
    Goya, la imagen de la mujer
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado y Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado
    2001
    pp. 266 y 267 (il.), cat. 72
Enlaces externos
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