Francisco de Goya

Holy Family (Sagrada familia)

Holy Family (Sagrada familia)
Datos Generales
1775 - 1780
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
203 x 143 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
24 Jan 2010 / 14 Apr 2021

This work was acquired by the Ministry of Development by Royal Order of 16 April 1877, at a price of 2,000 pesetas paid to Manuel Chaves y Loisa, and was entrusted to the Prado Museum five days later.

Análisis artístico

This work is difficult to date due to its singular characteristics, and there are different opinions on the matter. Carderera believes that this might be a piece known to have this theme painted by Goya for the Duke of Noblejas during the last years of his life, but this does not seem possible given the fact that this rather classicist style does not fit in with the work Goya was creating at that time. Camón agrees with Buendía in dating the work at around 1774-1775. Morales observes echoes of the artist's Zaragoza period in this work, and finds similarities between it and Triple Generation. The most fitting period for this work seems to be the 1780s, during which Goya produced other classicist compositions influenced by Mengs. In fact, the figure of Jesus is executed in a similar style to that used by the neoclassicist for children in his paintings. Moreover, Goya has also employed blue and red in the Virgin's attire, colours which brought figures closer to the viewer, according to Mengs.

The scene shows Joseph, Mary, Jesus, and the Infant Saint John arranged in a pyramidal composition. The treatment of light is close to that of its companion work, unpublished until recently, Tobias and the Archangel Raphael and Holy Family whose black backgrounds are lit by a light which seems to emanate from the figures themselves.

  • The Age of Neoclassicism
    The Royal Academy of Arts
  • Antonio Rafael Mengs (1728 – 1779)
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    consultant editor Xavier de Salas. From June to July 1980
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya
    Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica di Palazzo Barberini
    consultant editors Lorenza Mochi Onori and Claudio Strinati. From March 18th to June 18th 2000
  • Goya e Italia
    Museo de Zaragoza
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragóna, consultant editor Joan Sureda Pons. From June 1st to September 15th 2008
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    p. 121, cat. 73
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    pp. 77, 93, cat. 195
  • vol. I, p. 264, cat. 182
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    p. 96, cat. 103
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    vol. II, p. 82 y p. 195 (il.)
  • José Luis Morales Y Marín
    Goya. Pintor religioso
    Diputación General de Aragón
    p. 126, cat. 53A y p. 127 (il.)
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    p. 341, cat. 59 y p. 144 (il.)
  • SUREDA PONS, Joan (comisario)
    Goya e Italia, 2 vols.
    ZaragozaFundación Goya en Aragón y Turner
    vol. II, p. 306, cat. 280
Enlaces externos
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