Francisco de Goya

Cannibals Preparing their Victims (Caníbales preparando a sus víctimas)

Cannibals Preparing their Victims (Caníbales preparando a sus víctimas)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1798 - 1800
Ubicación
Musée des Beaux- Arts et d’ Archéologie de Besançon, Besançon, France
Dimensiones
32 x 46 cm
Técnica y soporte
Óleo sobre madera
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Musée des Beaux-Arts et d’Archéologie de Besançon
Ficha: realización/revisión
12 May 2010 / 14 Oct 2019
Inventario
381 (896.1.176)
Historia

This work and its companion piece, Cannibals Contemplating Human Remains, belonged to the painter Jean François Gigoux (Besançon, 1806-Besançon, 1894), who bequeathed them to the Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie in his home town.

Análisis artístico

In this painting we see a group of three cannibals as they prepare the bodies of their victims in order to eat them. One of the cannibals has his hand in the guts of one cadaver whilst another is skinning the body of a man hanging above the group. Both bodies have been stripped of their clothes, which we can see scattered across the ground.

The way in which the scene depicts human anatomy is particularly striking. The bodies which are about to be devoured are naked, deprived of all dignity, yet so are those of the cannibals, in this case in allusion to their primitive state.

It is fairly likely that Goya would have known the story of the Jesuit missionaries Jean de Brebeuf and Gabriel Lallemant, murdered by Iroquoi tribespeople in Canada in 1649 and then eaten by cannibals. This story could have been what inspired this work by Goya, in which the artist has resorted to his own imagination in order to recreate this scene of cannibalism. Goya thus continued with the reflections which he initiated in the works painted in Cádiz in around 1793, in which he started to explore some of the deeper and at times more shameful corners of the human mind.

In these paintings about cannibalism, the Aragonese artist looks at the most irrational part of man, and in so doing gives a foretaste of Théodore Géricault's (Rouen, 1791-Paris, 1824) famous take on this same subject, The Raft of the Medusa (1818, Musée du Louvre, Paris).

Exposiciones
  • Peintures de Goya des collections de France
    Musée de l’Orangerie
    Paris
    1938
  • Goya
    Ministry of Foreing Affairs
    Bordeaux
    1951
    organized by the Bordeaux City Hall, consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 16th to June 30th 1951
  • Goya
    Prado National Museum
    Madrid
    1951
    July 1951
  • De Tiépolo à Goya
    Galerie des Beaux-Arts
    Bordeaux
    1956
    consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 7th to July 31st 1956
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    Paris
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1963
    cat. 66
  • Goya
    Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen Mauritshuis
    The Hauge
    1970
    organized by Ministerio de Estado y Asuntos Culturales and Réunion des Musées Nationaux, July 4th to September 13th 1970. Exhibited also at the Musée de l’Orangerie des Tuileries, Paris, October 25th to December 7th 1970, consultant editors Jeannine Baticle and A. B. de Vries
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
  • Goya y el Mundo Moderno
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragón at the Museo de Zaragoza, consultant editors Valeriano Bozal and Concepción Lomba Serrano. From December 18th 2008 to March 22nd 2009
Bibliografía
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 263, cat. 922
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, pp. 322 y 323, cat. 475
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 117, cat. 408
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués and Juliet (comisaria) Wilson-Bareau
    pp. 288, 289 (il.) y 290, cat. 82
    1993
    Museo del Prado
  • Goya y el Mundo Moderno
    Concepción (comisaria) Lomba Serrano and Valeriano (comisario) Bozal
    p. 271 (il.), cat. 151
    2008
    Fundación Goya en Aragón y Lunwerg
Enlaces externos
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