Francisco de Goya

Charles IV (Carlos IV)

Clasificación
Charles IV (Carlos IV)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1789
Ubicación
Archivo General de Indias, Sevilla, Spain
Dimensiones
127 x 94 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
Colección Altadis
Ficha: realización/revisión
15 Feb 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Historia

Goya was commissioned to paint this portrait, together with its companion piece, María Luisa de Parma, by the workers of the Royal Tobacco Factory of Seville for the visit of Charles IV and his wife to the city in 1789. Both works formed part of a temporary structure called the Temple of Fame, created especially for the occasion. At the end of the 19th century, the paintings were moved to Madrid, the property of the Tabacalera Española tobacco firm, and entered the Altadis collection in 1999. Today they are on temporary loan to the Archive of the Indies in Seville.

Análisis artístico

This is one of the replicas that Goya made of the portraits of King Charles IV and Queen María Luisa de Parma to mark the coronation of December 1788.

As in another portrait of the same date belonging to the Museum Víctor Balaguer, to which this work bears a particularly close resemblance, the king is shown half-length and standing, wearing a dusted wig. He is dressed in court attire, with a richly embroidered red velvet dress coat, ruff and lace cuffs and matching red waistcoat and breeches. On his chest are the necklace of the Order of the Golden Fleece, the sash of San Genaro and the original sash of the Order of Charles III. On the right-hand side, in the background, we can see the two royal symbols: the crown and the ermine robe. In this version of the work the background is especially dark.

Exposiciones
  • Goya: retratos para la Real Fábrica de Tabacos de Sevilla
    Sala de Exposiciones del Banco Bilbao Vizcaya
    Madrid
    1985
    .
  • Goya
    Koninklijke Musea Voor Schone Kunsten Van België
    Brussels
    1985
    consultant editor Luis González Seara. From October 26th to December 22nd 1985
  • Goya
    Nationalmuseum
    Stockholm
    1994
    consultant editors Juan J. Luna and Görel Cavalli-Björkman. From October 7th 1994 to January 8th 1995
  • Goya en las colecciones españolas
    Sala de Exposiciones del BBVA
    Madrid
    1995
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From December 14th 1995 to February 17th 1996
  • Goya
    Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica di Palazzo Barberini
    Roma
    2000
    consultant editors Lorenza Mochi Onori and Claudio Strinati. From March 18th to June 18th 2000
  • Goya: Prophet der Moderne
    Alte Nationalgalerie
    Berlin
    2005
    from July 13th to October 3th 2005. Exhibitied also at the Kunsthistorischemuseum, Vienna, October 18th 2005 to January 8th 2006, consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués
  • Goya e Italia
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragóna, consultant editor Joan Sureda Pons. From June 1st to September 15th 2008
  • El último viaje de la fragata Mercedes. Un tesoro cultural recuperado
    Museo Arqueológico Nacional
    Madrid
    2014
    Exhibition celebrated form June 12th to November 30th 2014, organized by Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Ministerio de Defensa y Acción Cultural Española (AC/E)
Bibliografía
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 98, cat. 285
  • Alfonso E., et al. Pérez Sánchez
    Goya: retratos para la Real Fábrica de Tabacos de Sevilla. Madrid, 1985.
    Madrid
    1985
  • Goya en las colecciones españolas
    MadridBanco Bilbao-Vizcaya
    1995
    pp. 74 y 75 (il.), cat. 12
  • SUREDA PONS, Joan (comisario)
    Goya e Italia, 2 vols.
    ZaragozaFundación Goya en Aragón y Turner
    2008
    Vol. I, p. 182 (il.), Vol. II, p. 293
  • José Luis Morales Y Marín
    Las parejas reales de Goya. Retratos de Carlos IV y María Luisa de Parma
    ZaragozaReal Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis
    1997
    cat. 7, p. 20.
Enlaces externos
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