Francisco de Goya

The Drunken Mason (El albañil borracho) (sketch)

The Drunken Mason (El albañil borracho) (sketch)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1786
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
35 x 15 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
13 Dec 2009 / 20 Sep 2012
Inventario
223 (P02782)
Historia

Sketch for the tapestry cartoon The Injured Mason.

This sketch was made by Goya in autumn 1786, to be shown to the king for his approval. This meeting probably took place on 1 May 1787, the date recorded for the payment of a carriage to take the artist to the palace of El Escorial so that he might show the king "the sketches for the dining-room piece for El Pardo".

The artist may have kept the sketch himself, which was later to appear in the collection of the Duke and Duchess of Osuna. However, it does not appear in the payment order of 1799 for the sketches made by Goya and sold to the Duke and Duchess a year earlier, and as such we can deduce that it may have been given as a gift at some undetermined subsequent date. In 1896, at the time of the bankruptcy of the ducal household, the executive bondholder board put the painting on sale and it was bought for the sum of 2,500 pesetas by Pedro Fernández Durán, who donated it to the Prado Museum in 1930, expressing his desire to have a room in the museum named after him.

Análisis artístico

This sketch has acquired its own reputation, quite separate from that of the finished work for which it served as a preparatory work, and the differences in intention that differentiate one work from the other are fundamental. For this reason, it is also referred to as a "first concept" rather than a sketch.

The piece is executed with quick, energetic brushstrokes. Particularly interesting is the fact that, even though this is a comical scene, blood stains appear on the shirt of the drunken man whilst in the finished cartoon they have disappeared, when it is then that the man is supposedly injured. It is clear that the change in the expressions was entirely intentional.

Conservación

The work was restored and cleaned in 1993.

Exposiciones
  • Exposición y venta de los cuadros, esculturas, grabados y otros objetos artísticos de la Casa Duca
    Palacio de la Industria y de las Artes
    Madrid
    1896
    1896
  • De El Greco a Goya
    Palacio de Bellas Artes
    Mexico D.F.
    1978
    November-December 1978
  • Goya. Das Zeitalter der Revolucionen. Kunst um 1800 (1789 – 1830)
    Kunsthalle
    Hamburg
    1980
  • Malerei aus erster Hand von Tintoretto bis Goya
    Museum Boymans Van Beuningen
    Rotterdam
    1983
    from December 10th 1983 to January 30th 1984. Exhibited also at Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig, February 11th to April 1st 1984.
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya: Prophet der Moderne
    Alte Nationalgalerie
    Berlin
    2005
    from July 13th to October 3th 2005. Exhibitied also at the Kunsthistorischemuseum, Vienna, October 18th 2005 to January 8th 2006, consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués
  • Goya y el Mundo Moderno
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragón at the Museo de Zaragoza, consultant editors Valeriano Bozal and Concepción Lomba Serrano. From December 18th 2008 to March 22nd 2009
  • Goya e il Mondo Moderno
    Palazzo Reale
    Milan
    2010
    organized by SEACEX, Palazzo Reale and Fundación Goya en Aragón, consultant editors Valeriano Bozal and Concepción Lomba Serrano. From March 17th to June 27th 2010
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 186, cat. 145
    1928-1950
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 147, 148, 255, cat. 44ª y lám. 159
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 79, 97, cat. 260
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 269, cat. 224
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 102, cat. 202
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. II, p. 43
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Diplomatario
    Francisco de Goya Y Lucientes
    p. 280, nº 126
    1981
    Institución Fernando el Católico (edición de Ángel Canellas López)
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 142, 144, 147, 184, cat. 48B y p. 14
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    p. 229 y p. 230 (il.)
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués and Juliet (comisaria) Wilson-Bareau
    p. 170, cat. 24 y p. 171 (il.)
    1993
    Museo del Prado
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    p. 319, cat. 39 y p. 120 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
Enlaces externos
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