Francisco de Goya

Bury them and keep quiet (Enterrar y callar)

Clasificación
Bury them and keep quiet (Enterrar y callar)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1810 - 1812
Dimensiones
162x234 mm
Técnica y soporte
Etching, burnished lavis, drypoint and burin
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Ficha: realización/revisión
30 Nov 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inscripciones

Goya (lower left-hand corner).

Historia

See Sad presentiments of what must come to pass.

In the first state proof we can see some touches of drypoint on the chest of the corpse on the right-hand side, as well as some use of burin on the shadows on the ground. The signature, also done with burin, is in the lower left-hand corner.

The title was handwritten by Goya on the first and only print run that we know to have been made at the time, and which the painter gave to his friend Agustín Ceán Bermúdez. The title was engraved on to the copperplate at a later date, and no other modifications were made to the image for the first edition of the Disasters of War, which was printed by the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, Madrid, in 1863.

There is a preparatory drawing in the Prado Museum.

Análisis artístico

In the image we see two figures standing out against a pale background. They are looking at the macabre spectacle left behind by the war: a group of naked corpses. Both of these witnesses are covering their faces, although it is unclear whether they are crying or if they are holding their noses, just like the figure in etching no. 62, The deathbeds, is doing, to keep out the stench of the decomposing bodies.

Visually, this is one of the brightest images in the Disasters of War series; the sky is pale and clear, and so is the group of naked bodies left to their fate. This image also has a strong feeling of silence about it, especially in comparison with the other etchings, in which we can imagine the noise, screams and violence of battle. Despite the fact that these corpses are shown with their mouths gaping wide open, they can no longer shout or moan, nor plead for a better ending for themselves. The two observers have nothing to say either. All that is left to do is Bury them and keep quiet.

This etching can be considered alongside those others which depict groups of dead bodies, such as no. 12, This is what you were born for, nº 16, They avail themselves, nº 21, It will be the same, nº 22, All this and more, nº 23, The same elsewhere, nº 27, Charity, nº 48, A cruel shame!, nº 62, The deathbeds and nº 63, A collection of dead men.

Conservación

The etching plate is conserved in the National Chalcography Museum (cat. 269)

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Ministry of Foreing Affairs
    Burdeos
    1951
    organized by the Bordeaux City Hall, consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 16th to June 30th 1951
  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1963
    cat. 66
  • De grafiek van Goya
    Rijksmuseum Rijksprentenkabinet
    Amsterdam
    1970
    from November 13th 1970 to January 17th 1971
  • Goya. Das Zeitalter der Revolucionen. Kunst um 1800 (1980 – 1981)
    Hamburger Kunsthalle
    Hamburg
    1980
  • Francisco de Goya
    Museo d'Arte Moderna
    Lugano
    1996
    exhibition celebrated from September 22nd to November 17th.
  • Francisco Goya. Capricci, follie e disastri della guerra
    San Donato Milanese
    2000
    Opere grafiche della Fondazione Antonio Mazzotta
  • Goya. Opera grafica
    Pinacoteca del Castello di San Giorgio
    Legnano
    2006
    exhibition celebrated from December 16th 2006 to April 1st 2007
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
  • Goya et la modernité
    Pinacothèque de Paris
    París
    2013
    from October 11st 2013 to March 16th 2014
Bibliografía
  • Aureliano de Beruete Y Moret
    Goya, grabador
    MadridBlass S.A.
    1918
    cat. 120
  • Tomás Harris
    Goya engravings and lithographs, vol. I y II.
    Bruno Cassirer
    1964
    cat. 138
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    cat. 1020
  • SANTIAGO, Elena M. (coordinadora)
    Catálogo de las estampas de Goya en la Biblioteca Nacional
    MadridMinisterio de Educación y Cultura, Biblioteca Nacional
    1996
    cat. 213
  • José Manuel Matilla
    El Libro de los Desastres de la Guerra
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    2000
    II, pp. 40-42
Enlaces externos
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