Francisco de Goya

“The Sanctimonious” with Luis de Berganza and María de la Luz (“La Beata” con Luis de Berganza y María de la Luz)

“The Sanctimonious” with Luis de Berganza and María de la Luz (“La Beata” con Luis de Berganza y María de la Luz)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1795
Ubicación
Private collection
Dimensiones
30 x 25 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Private collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
21 Jun 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inscripciones

Luis Berganza año 1795 ("Luis Berganza, 1795", lower right-hand corner).

Historia

Luis Berganza, son of Tomás Berganza, the Duchess of Alba's administrator and one of the inheritors in her will, became the new owner of this canvas and its companion piece, The Duchess of Alba and "the Sanctimonious".

Análisis artístico

This work, which forms a pair with The Duchess of Alba and "the Sanctimonious", gives a glimpse into everyday life at the Palace of Buenavista in Madrid. Here we see the Duchess of Alba's maid, Rafaela Luisa Velázquez, made into the unwilling object of a game played by two children, who are pulling at her skirt. She is forced to hold on to a fourth person, of whom only an arm is visible, to stop herself from falling over. The two children could be Luis de Berganza, the son of the palace's administrator, and a little black girl who is also known to have lived there.

To paint these two scenes, Goya was given access to the private sections of the Palace of Buenavista, just as he tells us in a letter he wrote to his friend Martín Zapater in 1794, now in the Prado Museum, in which he says: "You had better come to help me paint the [Duchess] of Alba, who barged into the studio yesterday to have her face painted by me, and she got her way; I certainly prefer this to painting on canvas, and I will also have to paint her full-length...".

The figures are arranged in front of a neutral, ochre-coloured background, to which they are connected only by their shadows. This device, which had already been employed by Diego Velázquez (Seville, 1599-Madrid, 1660) in Pablo de Valladolid (1633, Prado Museum, Madrid), was later to be used by Édouard Manet (Paris, 1832-Paris, 1883) in The Fifer (1866, Musée d'Orsay, Paris).

Exposiciones
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
  • De Luca Giordano a Goya. Pintura del siglo XVIII en España
    Fundación Francisco Godia
    Barcelona
    2010
    From November 11th 2010 to January 31st 2011
Bibliografía
  • Joaquín Ezquerra Del Bayo
    La Duquesa de Alba y Goya. Estudio biográfico y artístico
    MadridBlass
    1928
    p. 191
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 216, cat. 181
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 171, cat. 353
  • vol. I, p. 298 cat. 367
  • WILSON-BAREU, Juliet
    Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1993
    pp. 260, 261 y 263 (il.)
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    cat. 86
  • Francisco de Goya Y Lucientes
    Cartas a Martín Zapater
    Madridedición de Mercedes Águila Villar y Xavier de Salas, Istmo
    2003
    p. 344, nº 138
  • CALVO SERRALLER, Francisco (comisario)
    Goya, la imagen de la mujer
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado y Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado
    2001
    pp. 186 y 187 (il.), cat. 34
  • José Milicua
    De Luca Girodano a Goya. Pintura del siglo XVIII en España
    BarcelonaFundación Godia
    2011
    pp. 84-89
Enlaces externos
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