- The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- 205 x 132 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Undisputed work
- El Prado National Museum
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 31 Jan 2010 / 22 Nov 2022
After it was painted, between March and June of 1789, this portrait and its companion piece, Charles IV, was in the palace of Aranjuez. Both works later went to the palace of Buen Retiro, and from there to the Prado Museum, in 1847. By a Royal Order of 1883, they were sent to the Ministry of War, going to the Museum of Modern Art in 1911. After the civil war, the work was returned to the Prado.
This painting, like its companion piece, was painted to commemorate the coronation of the king and queen in January of 1789. In these two works, Goya used a new, full-length composition, with certain characteristics shared by the three-quarter-length one, of which several replicas exist, and which was conceived and executed at around the same time.
In this full-length portrait, Queen María Luisa is portrayed standing, slightly turning to the right, in front of a dark, neutral background. She is wearing a large farthingale or panniers, worn underneath a skirt to extend it out into different shapes. In this case it is flat at the front and back and very wide at the sides, as was the fashion in the 17th century. The upper part of the dress, which is very closely fitted at the waist, is decorated with gauze, bows and, on the sleeves, lace frills. Poking out from underneath the skirt we can see her pointed shoes, decorated with golden buckles. On her head the queen wears a complicated headdress, with bows and feathers. She also wears the insignia of the Order of the Starry Cross. Her right hand is resting on a table over which is draped the ermine robe, with the royal crown on top.
De Barnaba da Modena a Francisco de GoyaMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1939Exposición de pinturas de los siglos XIV al XIX recuperadas por España, consultant editors Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón. July 1939p. 38
El arte de GoyaMuseo de Arte Occidental de TokioTokyo1971from 16th 1971 to January 23th 1972. Exhibited also at the Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, January 29th to March 15th 1972.cat. 27
GoyaPalacio de PedralbesBarcelona1977from April 12th to June 30th 1977cat. 19
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 75
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaBibliography']['numberParísOffice du livre1970p. 98, cat. 280
GoyaBibliography']['numberParísMinistère d’Etat-Affaires culturelles y Réunion des Musées Nationaux1970vol. I, p. 280, cat. 288
GoyaBibliography']['numberBarcelonaCarroggio S.A. de Ediciones1974p. 211, cat. 181
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.Bibliography']['numberZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. II, pp. 74 y 112 (il.)
Goya. 250 AniversarioBibliography']['numberMadridMuseo del Prado1996pp. 163 (il.) y 354, cat. 75
Las parejas reales de Goya. Retratos de Carlos IV y María Luisa de ParmaBibliography']['numberZaragozaReal Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis1997cat. 22, pp. 30-31 (il.)