Francisco de Goya

María Josefa de la Soledad Alonso Pimentel, condesa-duquesa de Benavente, duquesa de Osuna

Clasificación
María Josefa de la Soledad Alonso Pimentel, condesa-duquesa de Benavente, duquesa de Osuna
Datos Generales
Cronología
1785
Ubicación
Private collection
Dimensiones
112 x 80 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Private collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
24 Jan 2010 / 23 Nov 2011
Historia

This work was commissioned to Goya along with its companion painting Pedro Téllez Girón, IX duque de Osuna in 1785. It has belonged to Alfredo Bauer, Juan March Ordinas and Bartolomé March Servera.

Análisis artístico

Doña María Josefa de la Soledad (Madrid, 1752 - 1834), as well as being the Countess-Duchess of Benavente, was the Duchess of Béjar, Mandas, Plasencia, Arcos and Gandía, Princess of Anglona and Esquilace, Marchioness of Lombay and Jabalquinto, and the Countess of Mayorga.

She was one of the most prominent female figures of the Spanish nobility, and dedicated her life to the patronage of the arts, an interest she had developed since her childhood in the cultural atmosphere in which she was raised. She was even admitted into the Economic Society of Madrid, and led the Junta de Damas, a women's council providing various services to benefit women.

She married the 9th Duke of Osuna, Pedro Téllez Girón. The family home was a frequent meeting place for intellectuals and artists, visited by such figures as Moratín, Tomás Iriarte, Ramón de la Cruz and, of course, Goya.

Doña María Josefa became one of Goya's main patrons, commissioning him to paint various canvasses including a portrait of her family, the present work, and the portrait of her husband, the Duke of Osuna.

In this painting the Duchess is dressed in the French style of which she was a great devotee. She wears a blue outfit decorated with lace and a pink bow at the bust. Her headdress, adorned with bows and feathers, is inspired by those worn by Marie Antoinette. In her right hand she holds a fan. The face of this woman is striking, transmitting intelligence and self-confidence with a lively gaze.

See La familia del duque de Osuna for more information.

Exposiciones
  • Pinturas de Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1928
    consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From April to May 1928
  • Stora Spanska Mästare
    Nationalmuseum
    Stockholm
    1959
  • Goya (1746-1828). Peintures-Dessins-Gravures
    Centre Cultural du Marais
    Paris
    1979
    consultant editors Jacqueline et Maurice Guillard
  • Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1983
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari. From April 19th to June 20th 1983
  • Pintura española de bodegones y floreros de 1600 a Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1983
    consultant editor Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez, November 1983 to January 1984
  • Goya
    Koninklijke Musea Voor Schone Kunsten Van België
    Brussels
    1985
    consultant editor Luis González Seara. From October 26th to December 22nd 1985
  • Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1988
    from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayre
  • Painting in Spain in the Age of Enlightment: Goya and his contemporaries
    Indianapolis Museum of Art
    Indianapolis
    1996
    from November 23th 1996 to January 19th 1997. Exhibited also at The Spanish Institute, Nueva York, Spring 1997, consultant editor Sarah Schroth
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
  • Goya: Prophet der Moderne
    Alte Nationalgalerie
    Berlin
    2005
    from July 13th to October 3th 2005. Exhibitied also at the Kunsthistorischemuseum, Vienna, October 18th 2005 to January 8th 2006, consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués
Bibliografía
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 94, cat. 220
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 261, cat. 165
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Goya, la imagen de la mujer
    Francisco (comisario) Calvo Serraller
    pp. 180 y 181 (il.), cat. 31
    2001
    Museo Nacional del Prado y Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado
  • Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    Enrique (comisario) Lafuente Ferrari
    pp. 120-121, nº 4
    1983
    Amigos del Museo del Prado
  • Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor Sayre
    pp. 150-151, nº 6
    1988
    Museo del Prado
Enlaces externos
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