Francisco de Goya

Asmodeus (Asmodea)

Clasificación
Asmodeus (Asmodea)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1820 - 1823
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
127 x 263 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil painting on plaster transferred to canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
01 Nov 2010 / 31 Jul 2017
Inventario
404 (P00756)
Historia

See Leocadia.

Análisis artístico

This work was situated on the first floor of the building on the right-hand wall next to the Procession of the Holy Office (Paseo del Santo Oficio).

It is the most mysterious of the paintings located in the house. X-rays have confirmed that the two main figures in the paintings are superimposed on the landscape in the background, which features figures in the distance and an imposing mountain that can be linked to another depicted by Goya in a previous work. It is one of the better lit scenes, with the darkest section in the foreground where two figures who seem to be soldiers aim their guns diagonally towards the large crowd of people in the centre of the composition. The most striking figures are the two who are flying through the air. One is pointing towards the mountain in the distance while the other covers her face with a red cloak which stands out against the background. Moffit identified the pair of floating figures as the goddess Minerva transporting Prometheus to Mount Caucasus. Brugada's title, which might have come from Goya or someone in his family, refers to the female name of the biblical demon from the Book of Tobit responsible for the death of all men who married Sarah until the last of them, Tobias, managed to render the evil spirit harmless with the help of the Archangel Raphael. Asmodeus as a flying demon served as inspiration for the work The Lame Devil (El diablo cojuelo) by Luis Vélez de Guevara in which this demon flies above the houses, snooping under people's roofs, and this story has also been suggested as providing a possible meaning for the painting. In any event, flying and travel are a common element of all the interpretations made of this work.

Exposiciones
  • Pinturas Negras en la Exposición Universal de París
    Palacio del Trocadero
    Paris
    1878
    from may 20th to November 10th 1878
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 327-329, cat. 1620
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p., cat.715
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Goya's Black Paintings: Truth and Reason in Light and Liberty
    Priscilla E. Muller
    p 122-130
    1984
    Hispanic Society of America
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    p.430-431
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Las pinturas negras de Goya, Alcobendas
    Valeriano Bozal
    p.72
    1997
    T.F. Editores
  • Las Pinturas Negras de Goya
    Paulina Junquera
    p. 91-92
    2003
    Scala Publishers Ltd.
Enlaces externos
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