Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1808 - 1812
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
46 x 64 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
21 Apr 2010 / 29 Aug 2022
Inventario
(P00752)
Historia

For more information, see Pieces of Lamb.

Javier Goya inherited this series of still lifes from his father, and in turn left them to his own son, Mariano. When he was unable to repay a loan made to him by the Count of Yumuri, Carabanchel, Mariano gave this set of paintings as security, and in the end the works became the property of the count. When the Count of Yumuri died in 1865 the series of still lifes was sold. Today these works are scattered between different museums and institutions around the world, and some of the paintings have now been lost.

This canvas, together with Dead Turkey, was acquired for the Prado Museum by the Spanish Ministry of Development on 20 March 1900, with the works' owner, Rafael García Palencia, receiving three thousand pesetas for each of them. The day after it was purchased, the painting entered the collection of the Madrid museum, which mentions it for the first time in the 1900 edition of its catalogue.

Análisis artístico

In front of a dark background, Goya has placed several hens, seemingly carelessly piled up one on top of the other. Just as in Dead Turkey, a basket has been used as a spatial reference.

The sense of drama in this work is heightened by the light, which is focussed on the lifeless bodies of the animals. This device of piles of corpses, which is used in several paintings in the series, can also be seen in some of the etchings in the Disasters of War series, suggesting a connection between the still lifes and Goya's prints inspired by the Spanish War of Independence. As López Rey points out, this work has particularly strong ties to plate no. 22 of the series, entitled All this and more (Tanto y más), which features a heap of human bodies.

For more information, see Pieces of Lamb.

 

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    Barcelona
    1977
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • Da El Greco a Goya
    Florence
    1986
  • Pintura española de bodegones y floreros de 1600 a Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1983
    consultant editor Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez, November 1983 to January 1984
  • Goya
    Nationalmuseum
    Stockholm
    1994
    consultant editors Juan J. Luna and Görel Cavalli-Björkman. From October 7th 1994 to January 8th 1995
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya, un regard libre
    Palais de Beaux Arts
    Lille
    1998
    from December 12th 1998 to March 14th 1999. Exhibited also at The Philadelphia Museum, Philadelphia, April 17th 1999 to July 11th 1999, consultant editor Arnauld Brejon de Lavergnée and Joseph J. Rishel in collaboration with Manuela B. Mena Marqués
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
  • Goya luces y sombras
    CaixaForum
    Barcelona
    2012
    consultant editors José Manuel Matilla and Manuela B. Marqués. From March 16th to June 24th 2012
Bibliografía
  • DESPARMENT FITZ-GERALD, Xavier
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 214, cat. 176
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 262, cat. 905
  • vol. I, p. 352, cat. 590
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 123, cat. 506
  • CAMÓN AZNAR, José
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. III, p. 187
  • PAZ, Alfredo de
    Goya. Arte e condizione umana
    NaplesLiguori editore
    1990
    pp. 158-160
  • JORDAN, William B. and CHERRY, Peter
    El bodegón español de Velázquez a Goya
    MadridEdiciones El Viso
    1995
    pp. 175, 176, 177, 180, 184, cat. 68
  • LUNA, Juan J. (Comisario)
    Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    pp. 228 (il.), p.405, cat. 133
  • MENA MARQUÉS, Manuela B.
    Goya en tiempos de guerra
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado
    2008
    pp. 240 y 244, cat. 59
  • SUREDA PONS, Joan
    Los mundos de Goya (1746-1828)
    BarcelonaLunwerg
    2008
    pp. 159-160, cat. 90
Enlaces externos
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