- 1786 - 1787
- Bank of Spain, Madrid, Spain
- 194 x 110 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- Banco de España
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 26 Jan 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
See Don José de Toro.
This portrait was paid for along with two others, according to the Banco de España receipt dated 30 January 1787: "To the Painter Goya for the portraits of the King, the Count of Altamira and the Marquis of Tolosa ... 10,000 reales de vellón."
The subject is depicted standing inside a room whose walls appear to be lined with fabric. He is wearing court dress: a green suit decorated with gold embroidery, a white shirt with frills at the cuffs, white stockings and black shoes with large buckles. On his chest he wears the Great Cross of his Order and the Golden Fleece. He has his tricorn hat under his left arm, while in his right hand he holds a sceptre. On his head he wears a powdered wig over a pigtail. His face bears the wrinkles which convey the passage of time and the worries associated with his reign, but he also has a kind look, wearing an expression at once sweet and melancholy.
According to various authors, this canvas was based on other portraits, since it is unlikely that the King sat for this particular work. The idea posed by Beruete and some other authors that this portrait was painted following the death of Charles III has been discredited, since the sovereign's face here is very similar to that of the painting Charles III in Hunting Costume, a privately owned work located in Madrid, which was carried out at a later date and displays many of the same features.
Some authors point to the clumsiness of the subject's pose, which suggest Goya was not entirely comfortable with this job due to it ceremonious nature: until now, he had only painted the portraits of the bourgeoisie or aristocrats, and never that of a sovereign.
For an extended biography, see Charles III hunting.
GoyaFestival Internacional de Granada, Palacio de Carlos VGranada1955consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferraricat. 92
Francisco de Goya. IV Centenario de la capitalidadorganized by Ayuntamiento de Madrid and Dirección General de Bellas Artes at the Casón del Buen RetiroMadrid1961consultant editor Valentín de Sambriciocat. 11
Goya y la Constitución de 1812Museo Municipal de MadridMadrid1982organized by Madrid Town Hall, consultant editor José Manuel Pita Andrade. From December 1982 to January 1983cat. 9
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 68
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 95, cat. 224
vol. I, p. 267, cat. 213
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. II, p. 34
Goya. 250 AniversarioMadridMuseo del Prado1996p. 348, cat. 68