Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
1786 - 1787
Bank of Spain, Madrid, Spain
194 x 110 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Banco de España
Ficha: realización/revisión
26 Jan 2010 / 14 Sep 2022

See Don José de Toro.

This portrait was paid for along with two others, according to the Banco de España receipt dated 30 January 1787: "To the Painter Goya for the portraits of the King, the Count of Altamira and the Marquis of Tolosa ... 10,000 reales de vellón."


Análisis artístico

The subject is depicted standing inside a room whose walls appear to be lined with fabric. He is wearing court dress: a green suit decorated with gold embroidery, a white shirt with frills at the cuffs, white stockings and black shoes with large buckles. On his chest he wears the Great Cross of his Order and the Golden Fleece. He has his tricorn hat under his left arm, while in his right hand he holds a sceptre. On his head he wears a powdered wig over a pigtail. His face bears the wrinkles which convey the passage of time and the worries associated with his reign, but he also has a kind look, wearing an expression at once sweet and melancholy.

According to various authors, this canvas was based on other portraits, since it is unlikely that the King sat for this particular work. The idea posed by Beruete and some other authors that this portrait was painted following the death of Charles III has been discredited, since the sovereign's face here is very similar to that of the painting Charles III in Hunting Costume, a privately owned work located in Madrid, which was carried out at a later date and displays many of the same features.

Some authors point to the clumsiness of the subject's pose, which suggest Goya was not entirely comfortable with this job due to it ceremonious nature: until now, he had only painted the portraits of the bourgeoisie or aristocrats, and never that of a sovereign.

For an extended biography, see Charles III hunting.



  • Goya
    Festival Internacional de Granada, Palacio de Carlos V
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari
  • Francisco de Goya. IV Centenario de la capitalidad
    organized by Ayuntamiento de Madrid and Dirección General de Bellas Artes at the Casón del Buen Retiro
    consultant editor Valentín de Sambricio
  • Goya y la Constitución de 1812
    Museo Municipal de Madrid
    organized by Madrid Town Hall, consultant editor José Manuel Pita Andrade. From December 1982 to January 1983
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    p. 95, cat. 224
  • vol. I, p. 267, cat. 213
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    vol. II, p. 34
  • LUNA, Juan J. (Comisario)
    Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    p. 348, cat. 68
Enlaces externos
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