Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1785
Ubicación
Bank of Spain, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
112 x 68 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Banco de España
Ficha: realización/revisión
27 Jan 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Historia

Between 1785 and 1788 the Banco de San Carlos (Spain's national bank, now the Banco de España) which had been founded by Francisco Cabarrús in 1782 under the government of the Count of Floridablanca, commissioned Goya to produce six official portraits. The choice of Goya for the commission was probably influenced by Juan Agustín Ceán Bermúdez, who was the First Official of the Secretariat of the bank at the time: he had also advised the painter to buy shares in the company. The various payments made by the bank for the works are documented. For the first portrait the records show: "Paid to Mr. Juan Agustín Ceán Bermúdez for the costs and expenses of the Portrait of Mr. Josef Del Toro... 2,328 reales de vellón."

The portraits in this series were stored away in a room of the bank and forgotten about until the Governor of the bank, Mr Francisco Belda, requested an investigation into heir origins and authorship.

Análisis artístico

José de Toro y Zambrano, (1756 - 1796), was a rich Spanish colonial and representative of the nobility of the Kingdom of Chile who became Director of the Banco de San Carlos.

His figure stands out against a neutral background, his head being the most clearly illuminated area of the portrait. He is shown at half-length, almost completely facing the viewer. The subject wears a white powdered wig and is dressed in a red frock coat, red waistcoat with gold buttons, and a white shirt with frills at the neck and on the sleeves, which protrude from his coat. His right hand is placed on his waistcoat, while his left rests on what might be a window ledge. Both hands are painted with great precision.

Conservación

The first restorer of the Prado Museum, Amutio, removed a Charles III cross which had been painted in at a later date by another artist.

Exposiciones
  • Goya 1900
    Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas Artes
    Madrid
    1900
    consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900
  • Exposición Nacional de retratos
    Madrid
    1902
  • Goya
    Ministry of Foreing Affairs
    Burdeos
    1951
    organized by the Bordeaux City Hall, consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 16th to June 30th 1951
  • Bienal de Venecia
    Pabellón de España
    Venecia
    1952
  • Goya. Gemälde Zeichnungen. Graphik. Tapisserien
    Kunsthalle Basel
    Basle
    1953
    from January 23th to April 12th 1953
  • Goya
    Festival Internacional de Granada, Palacio de Carlos V
    Granada
    1955
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari
  • Francisco de Goya. IV Centenario de la capitalidad
    organized by Ayuntamiento de Madrid and Dirección General de Bellas Artes at the Casón del Buen Retiro
    Madrid
    1961
    consultant editor Valentín de Sambricio
  • El arte de Goya
    Museo de Arte Occidental de Tokio
    Tokyo
    1971
    from 16th 1971 to January 23th 1972. Exhibited also at the Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, January 29th to March 15th 1972.
  • Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1983
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari. From April 19th to June 20th 1983
Bibliografía
  • L.G. De Valdeavellanos
    Las relaciones de Goya con el Banco de San Carlos
    Boletín de la Sociedad española de ExcursionesXXXVI
    1928
    pp. 56-65
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 37, cat. 317
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 95, cat. 223
  • vol. I, p. 261, cat. 163
  • Federico (comisario) Torralba Soriano
    Goya, economistas y banqueros
    ZaragozaBanco Zaragozano
    1980
    p.39, cat.4
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. II, p. 13
  • Enrique (comisario) Lafuente Ferrari
    Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    MadridAmigos del Museo del Prado
    1983
    pp. 122 y 123 (il.), cat. 6
Enlaces externos
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