Francisco de Goya

Admiral José de Mazarredo (El almirante José de Mazarredo)

Clasificación
Admiral José de Mazarredo (El almirante José de Mazarredo)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1784 - 1785
Ubicación
Lowe Art Museum, Coral Gables, United States
Dimensiones
105 x 84 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
Cintas Foundation
Ficha: realización/revisión
09 Jan 2010 / 07 Mar 2012
Inscripciones

"Goya lo hizo" ("By Goya").

Historia

This portrait was given as a gift by the sitter to Manuel Godoy and belonged to the collection of the Duchess of Sueca, the Countess of Chinchón, being housed in the Palace of Boadilla del Monte (Madrid). From there, and on an unknown date, it became the property of Mariano Hernando (Madrid), and then subsequently of Luis de Navas (Madrid), the M. Knoedler & Co. gallery, London, John Levy Galleries (New York) and Oscar B. Cintas (New York and Havana), upon the death of whom in 1957 it became part of the collection of the Cintas Foundation, Miami, which first entrusted it to the Cummer Art Gallery, in Jacksonville (Florida), and then to the Lowe Museum, University of Miami.

Análisis artístico

José de Mazarredo y Gortázar (Bilbao, 1745-Madrid 1812) joined the Company of Midshipmen in 1759. He served in the Philippines, the Caribbean and the South Atlantic and was in command of various squadrons during the conflicts with England and France. He possessed an outstanding knowledge of astronomical navigation, and naval construction and organization and, according to experts, was the greatest Spanish sailor of the period. He wrote treaties on tactics and navigation and was the author of the Armada's navy decrees of 1793.

In this half-length painting he is shown seated at a table laden with books (in allusion to his military writings) and on top of which he rests his left arm, in the hand of which he holds a watch. The Cross of the Order of Santiago and the rank of lieutenant general of the navy, which he achieved in 1789, are both included, meaning that the painting must have been made at some point after that date. The background consists of a curtain drawn back to reveal a seascape with a ship visible on the horizon.

The sitter's family did possess a replica of the work, but it was lost during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), see Admiral José de Mazarredo.

Exposiciones
  • Goya 1900
    Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas Artes
    Madrid
    1900
    consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900
Bibliografía
  • Goya, su tiempo, su vida, sus obras
    Conde De La Viñaza
    p. 230, cat. LXIV
    1887
    Tipografía de Manuel G. Hernández, Impresor de la Real Casa
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    p. 27, cat. 306
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 94, cat. 218
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 262, cat. 170
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • La memoria de Goya (1828 – 1978)
    Juan Carlos (comisario) Lozano López
    pp. 77 y 138 (il.)-141
    2008
    Gobierno de Aragón, Dpto. de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
Enlaces externos
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