Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1779
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
260 x 165 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
24 Nov 2009 / 17 Jul 2015
Inventario
27 (P00785)
Historia

See The Blind Guitarist.

This cartoon was delivered to the Royal Tapestry Factory, together with A Stickball Game, on 20 July 1779.

Around 1856 or 1857, the cartoon was moved from the Royal Tapestry Factory of Santa Bárbara to the Royal Palace in Madrid. In 1870, it was taken to the Prado Museum under orders given on 18 January and 9 February.

Análisis artístico

The tapestry of The Swing was hung on the north wall of the antechamber to the royal bedroom, along with The Washerwomen, the overdoor pieces The Woodcutters and Majo with Guitar and the corner-pieces Boy with a Bird and Boy and a Tree.

Goya describes this cartoon as depicting a family, with four children and three maids, out enjoying themselves in the countryside. One of the women sits on the swing and forms the topmost part of the pyramid composition.

There has been talk of the influence of French rococo in this work, due to the image of the swing, although Sambricio is of the opinion that there exist many differences between this cartoon and French works on the same subject.

Tomlinson states that The Swing is a representation of the three ages of man, personified by the children, the young maid on the swing who looks out towards the viewer, and the older maid, dressed in red, who observes the ages through which she has already passed. The same author also reminds us of the sexual connotations of the swing, which would symbolize female fickleness, and its rising movement, symbolizing the sexual arousal provoked by women. Two male figures are indeed present further back in the composition, watching the women, as occurs in other cartoons such as The Haw Seller or The Soldier and the Lady, where Goya testifies to the availability of the woman, and perhaps to her vulnerability, too. Here, though, the effect of Goya's work is more sombre and the figure pushing the young woman on the swing is a c and hild, and not a suitor as occurs in other cases.

Conservación

The darkening of the pigments caused by the reddish preparation employed by Goya is particularly evident in this cartoon.

Exposiciones
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Permanencia de la memoria, cartones para tapiz y dibujos de Goya
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1997
    organized by Gobierno de Aragón, Museo Nacional del Prado and Patrimonio Nacional, consultant editor Fernando Checa Cremades. From February 14th to April 6th 1997
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 78, cat. 19
    1928-1950
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 85, 113, 230, cat. 28 y láms. 118-12
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 76, 89, cat. 131
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 248, cat. 83
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    pp. 95-96, cat. 89
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, p. 111 y p. 161 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Imagen de Goya
    Valeriano Bozal
    p. 89
    1983
    Lumen
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 102, 113, 271, cat. 32C y p. 103 (il
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    pp. 125-128, 133-134 y p, 130 (il.)
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    pp. 305-306, cat. 25 y p. 100 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Salas del Palacio Real de El Pardo para las que se tejieron tapices sobre cartones de Francisco de Goya: identificación de las habitaciones y ajuste de las obras de Goya en los alzados de las paredes
    in HERRERO CARRETERO, Concha (curator, Tapices y cartones de Goya (catalogue of the exhibition organizated at the Palacio Real de Madrid, from may to june 1996)
    José Luis Sancho
    p. 169 (il.)
    1996
    Patrimonio Nacional, Goya 96, Lunwerg
Enlaces externos
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