Francisco de Goya

Autumn (El otoño) (sketch)

Autumn (El otoño) (sketch)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1786
Ubicación
Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, United States
Dimensiones
34.4 x 24.3 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Attributed work
Titular
Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute
Ficha: realización/revisión
09 Dec 2009 / 07 Aug 2015
Inventario
219 (1955.749)
Historia

This sketch was acquired by the ninth Duke of Osuna in 1799. The ducal household put it on sale and it was bought by Baron Charles-Jean-Marie Alquier, of Versailles. It was later inherited by Baron René (?) Alquier, who sold it to the collection of Knoedler & Co., New York. Robert Sterling Clark bought it in March 1939 for his collection based in Upperville, Virginia, and from there it entered the collection of the Clark Art Institute when this museum opened its doors in 1955.

Análisis artístico

The sketch for Autumn is shrouded in a great deal of confusion. Although several of the sketches that Goya made were sold to the ninth Duke of Osuna, and in that sale the four seasons were mentioned, Yriarte reports this piece's absence from said collection when he had the opportunity to visit it before it was sold off due to the bankruptcy of the ducal household. The same writer suggested that the missing sketch was actually one held by the Goupils in their Paris collection, after they had acquired it from Ángel Tadeo. The whereabouts of this sketch are today unknown and it is very different from the one conserved in Williamstown, since the description given by Yriarte bears no resemblance to the painting. However, many writers, including Gudiol, Gassier and Wilson, have continued to make reference to the bibliography that ties the Paris sketch to the American one.

Soria believes that this painting is a copy of the cartoon, made by Goya's Valencian disciple, Asensio Juliá. Arnaiz points out that Soria's hypothesis cannot be corroborated but he assures that the differences between this piece and the other sketches in the same four seasons series are evident and he claims that Goya's authorship should be seriously questioned.

The differences that we can see between the supposed sketch and the finished work are that here the figure of the majo is seated on a barrel rather than a low wall, and the bunch of grapes is white rather than black.

Exposiciones
  • Goya and the art of his time
    Meadows Museum
    Dallas
    1983
    consultant editor Edward J. Sullivan. From December 7th 1983 to February 6th 1983
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
  • Goya: Order and disorder
    Museum of Fine Arts
    Boston
    2014
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 189, cat. 148
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 79, 97, cat. 258
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 268, cat. 218
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 101, cat. 198
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. II, p. 42
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 180-182, cat. 46B-I y p. 181 (il.)
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués and Juliet (comisaria) Wilson-Bareau
    p. 164, cat. 21 y p. 165 (il.)
    1993
    Museo del Prado
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    p. 266
    2014
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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