Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1779 - 1780
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
262 x 137 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
29 Nov 2009 / 05 Jun 2015
Inventario
30 (P00788)
Historia

See The Blind Guitarist.

This cartoon was delivered to the Royal Tapestry Factory on 24 January 1780, along with ten other cartoons, completing the decoration of the antechamber to the bedroom. These eleven tapestry cartoons - almost certain to have been made between 21 July 1779, when the artist delivered A Stickball Game and The Swing, and this delivery in January 1780 - were executed very rapidly. It is very likely that Goya was aware of the planned suspension of manufacturing work at the factory and was anxious to finish his commissions and receive his wages.

Around 1856 or 1857, the cartoon was moved from the Royal Tapestry Factory of Santa Bárbara to the Royal Palace in Madrid. In 1870, it was taken to the Prado Museum under orders given on 18 January and 9 February.

Análisis artístico

The Tobacco Guards shared the room's south wall with The Young Bull.

Goya represents here the the guards who used to patrol the roads to prevent the smuggling of tobacco, back then the monopoly of the Crown, which shipped it over from Havana and processed it in the Tobacco Factory in Seville. This theme was normally tackled from the opposite point of view, glorifying the deeds of the smugglers. The fact that Goya chose to depict the defenders of the Crown in his cartoon is a reflection of his loyalty to the royal court. However, the appearance he gives to the tobacco guards is very similar to that of the smugglers or braggarts, and he thereby manages to transfer at least some of the attraction of these ruffians to the figures of the guards.

Sambricio considers this cartoon to be one of the most successful of the series, especially in terms of the background landscape, identified as the Guadarrama mountain range, where he sees the influence of Velázquez.

On the chest of the standing guard we can make out the inscription RENTA / D TAB, Renta del Tabaco, or Tobacco Revenue.

Exposiciones
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya: Prophet der Moderne
    Alte Nationalgalerie
    Berlin
    2005
    from July 13th to October 3th 2005. Exhibitied also at the Kunsthistorischemuseum, Vienna, October 18th 2005 to January 8th 2006, consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2014
Bibliografía
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 116, 237, cat. 33 y láms. 128, 129.
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 83, cat. 24
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 76, 89, cat. 136
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 249, cat. 91
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    pp. 95-96, cat. 94
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, p. 112
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 108, 152, 278, cat. 37C y p. 109 (il
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    pp. 143-144
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    pp. 308-309, cat. 28 y p. 104 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Salas del Palacio Real de El Pardo para las que se tejieron tapices sobre cartones de Francisco de Goya: identificación de las habitaciones y ajuste de las obras de Goya en los alzados de las paredes
    in HERRERO CARRETERO, Concha (curator, Tapices y cartones de Goya (catalogue of the exhibition organizated at the Palacio Real de Madrid, from may to june 1996)
    José Luis Sancho
    p. 169 (il.)
    1996
    Patrimonio Nacional, Goya 96, Lunwerg
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    p. 115
    2014
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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