Francisco de Goya

The Dream of Saint Joseph (El sueño de San José)

Clasificación
The Dream of Saint Joseph (El sueño de San José)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1771 - 1773
Ubicación
Museum of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain
Dimensiones
128 x 93 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil mural painting transferred to canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Attributed work
Titular
Government of Aragon
Ficha: realización/revisión
05 Oct 2010 / 28 Jul 2017
Inventario
388 (09260)
Historia

This painting formed part of a set commissioned by Joaquín Cayetano Cavero Ahones y Pueyo de la Sierra (1735-1788), the Count of Sobradiel, to decorate the walls and ceiling of the oratory of his palace in Zaragoza, a building located in plaza de la Justicia which now houses the Illustrious Association of Notaries of Aragón.

Some time before 1926, the painting was lifted from the wall and transferred to canvas on the orders of Joaquín Cavero Sichar, Count of Gabarda. After his death, the Countess deposited the painting in the Provincial Museum of Zaragoza in 1929. Although it was acquired in 1930 by the Cuban Carlos Francisco Javier del Valle Grao, it remained in the museum's collection due to its poor state of conservation. In 1965 it was bought by the museum for 200,000 pesetas thanks to public subscription and various fundraising activities. It was restored twice (in 1966 and 1974) and definitively became part of the collection on 13 March 1976.

Análisis artístico

According to a written description by Ricardo del Arco (1915), this painting was located on the right-hand wall of the oratory opposite Visitation (La Visitación), and had already suffered serious damage in its original location due to a crack in the wall.

The subject corresponds with the events narrated in the Gospel of Saint Matthew (1:20). Saint Joseph is shown sitting on a step and leaning on a pedestal, wrapped in a yellow blanket. A young angel speaks to him as he sleeps. Some architectural elements are visible in the middle ground of the room where the scene takes place. In the lower right-hand corner of the foreground we can see the flowering staff and a red cloak, while the Virgin Mary is depicted in a sitting position in the background on the left.

The scene is composed using visibly rigid parallel diagonal lines, repeating with slight variations the model created by the French painter Simon Vouet (1590-1649) for a lost work produced around 1638 in oil on wooden panel. That painting formed part of the decoration of the Chapel d'Hachères in the Church of the Feuillants in rue Saint-Honoré in Paris: Goya had the opportunity to observe it in the form of a print version produced by Michel Dorigny.

Conservación

The work underwent restoration work in 1966 at the Institute of Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Property in Madrid and subsequently in 1974.

Exposiciones
  • Exposición de obras de Goya y de objetos que recuerdan las manufacturas artísticas de su época
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1928
    organized by la Real Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis in collaboration with the Junta del Patronato del Museo Provincial. April 1928
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1996
    consultant editor Federico Torralba Soriano. From October 3th to December 1st 1996
  • Goya y el Palacio de Sobradiel
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2006
    organized by Gobierno de Aragón at the Museo de Zaragoza, consultant editor Juan Carlos Lozano López. From December 15th 2006 to February 4th 2007
  • Goya e Italia
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    2008
    organized by the Fundación Goya en Aragóna, consultant editor Joan Sureda Pons. From June 1st to September 15th 2008
Bibliografía
  • Pinturas de Goya (inéditas) en el palacio de los condes de Sobradiel de Zaragoza
    Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Excursiones
    Ricardo del Arco
    pp.124-131
    XXIII
    1915
  • “Anotaciones al Goya joven”
    Paragone
    José Milicua
    pp. 5-28
    V
    1954
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 81, cat. 10
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 238, cat. 17
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • Goya en Aragón
    Federico Torralba Soriano
    p. 20
    1970
    Editorial Everest
  • Goya en Zaragoza
    Antonio Beltrán
    pp. 37-46
    1971
    Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza (Talleres gráficos de Octavio y Félez)
  • Datos inéditos y precisiones iconográficas y estilísticas sobre las pinturas que decoraban el oratorio del palacio de los condes de Sobradiel en Zaragoza, originales de Francisco de Goya
    Archivo Español de Arte
    José Luis Morales Y Marín
    pp. 59-67
    249
    1990
  • Goya. Pintor religioso
    José Luis Morales Y Marín
    pp. 70 y ss.
    1990
    Diputación General de Aragón
  • Goya y Aragón. Familia, amistades y encargos artísticos
    Arturo Ansón Navarro
    pp. 94-98
    num. 10
    1995
    Caja de Ahorros de la Inmaculada de Aragón
    Col. Mariano de Pano y Ruata
  • Realidad e imagen. Goya 1746 – 1828
    Federico (comisario) Torralba Soriano
    pp. 60-61
    1996
    Madrid, Gobierno de Aragón y Electa
  • Goya y el Palacio de Sobradiel
    Juan Carlos (comisario) Lozano López
    p. 232
    2006-2007
    Gobierno de Aragón, Dpto. de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
  • Goya e Italia, 2 vols.
    Joan (comisario) Sureda Pons
    vol. II, pp.126
    2008
    Fundación Goya en Aragón y Turner
  • Goya y Zaragoza (1746-1775). Sus raíces aragonesas
    Manuela B. Mena Marqués and VVAA
    pp. 63-66
    2015
    Fundación Goya en Aragón, Ibercaja y Gobierno de Aragón
Enlaces externos
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