Francisco de Goya

El verano (boceto)

El verano (boceto)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1786
Ubicación
Lázaro Galdiano Museum, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
33.5 x 79.5 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Lázaro Galdiano Foundation
Ficha: realización/revisión
09 Dec 2009 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(M 2510)
Historia

Sketch for the tapestry cartoon The Threshing Floor.

This sketch was made by Goya in autumn 1786, to be shown to the king for his approval. A document certifies that the artist requested payment for a carriage to take him to the palace of San Lorenzo de El Escorial expressly for this purpose.

The work was acquired by the ninth Duke of Osuna in 1799. In this collection it appeared under the title of Summer. It went on sale in 1896, at the time of the bankruptcy of the ducal household, by order of the executive bondholder board, and it was bought by Richard Traumann for the sum of 3,000 reales. At some point before 1926 it came to be owned by José Lázaro Galdiano and today it belongs to the museum built around this collection.

Análisis artístico

The sketch differs little from the finished cartoon. Its composition is similar to that of another sketch, Quarrel at the Cockerel Inn, conceived as a kind of frieze although in this case the central pyramid shape, topped off with the four-pronged rake, dominates. The scene displays a marked realism and an intensely Spanish character.

Exposiciones
  • Francisco de Goya. IV Centenario de la capitalidad
    organized by Ayuntamiento de Madrid and Dirección General de Bellas Artes at the Casón del Buen Retiro
    Madrid
    1961
    consultant editor Valentín de Sambricio
  • Exposición y venta de los cuadros, esculturas, grabados y otros objetos artísticos de la Casa Duca
    Palacio de la Industria y de las Artes
    Madrid
    1896
    1896
  • Pinturas de Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1928
    consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From Apri to -May 1928
  • Goya
    Festival Internacional de Granada, Palacio de Carlos V
    Granada
    1955
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    París
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Goya
    Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen Mauritshuis
    The Hauge
    1970
    organized by Ministerio de Estado y Asuntos Culturales and Réunion des Musées Nationaux, July 4th to September 13th 1970. Exhibited also at the Musée de l’Orangerie des Tuileries, Paris, October 25th to December 7th 1970, consultant editors Jeannine Baticle and A. B. de Vries
  • Goya
    Koninklijke Musea Voor Schone Kunsten Van België
    Brussels
    1985
    consultant editor Luis González Seara. From October 26th to December 22nd 1985
  • Goya nelle collezioni private di Spagne
    Villa Favorita
    Lugano
    1986
    consultant editor Marta Medina. From June 15th to October 15th 1986
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    vol. I, p. 188, cat. 147
  • Valentín de Sambricio
    Tapices de Goya
    MadridPatrimonio Nacional
    1946
    p. 250, cat. 41ª y lám. 152
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    pp. 70, 79, 97, cat. 257 y p. 70 (il.)
  • vol. I, p. 268, cat. 216
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 101, cat.196
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. II, p. 42
  • José Manuel Arnáiz
    Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    col. Col. Espasa Arte
    Espasa Calpe
    1987
    pp. 144, 147, 178, 181, 287, cat. 45B; p
  • WILSON-BAREU, Juliet
    Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1993
    pp. 156, 162, 164, cat. 20 y p. 163 (il.
  • José Luis Morales Y Marín
    Goya. Catálogo de la pintura
    ZaragozaReal Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis
    1994
    p. 193, cat. 155
  • Ricardo Usón
    Fantasía y razón. La arquitectura en la obra de Goya
    MadridAbada
    2010
    p.293
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado
    2014
    p. 263
Enlaces externos
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