Francisco de Goya

Queen María Luisa on Horseback (La reina María Luisa a caballo)

Clasificación
Queen María Luisa on Horseback (La reina María Luisa a caballo)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1799
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
338 x 282 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
02 Mar 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(P00720)
Historia

This painting was recorded as being located in the Royal Palace in Madrid in 1814. It entered the Prado Museum's collections in 1819.

Análisis artístico

The painting is one of a pair; its companion painting is the equestrian portrait of Charles IV.

The queen is portrayed sitting on her horse, Marcial, which was a present from Manuel Godoy. She is dressed in the dark uniform of a Colonel of the Royal Guard. She holds the horse's reins with great ease and elegance. In the background on the left we can see a landscape which features the Monastery of El Escorial and the outline of the Madrid sierra.

The two pieces show the influence of the equestrian paintings produced by Velázquez for the Salón de Reinos ("Hall of the Kingdoms") in the Buen Retiro Palace, in particular his portrait of Isabel of Bourbon, which Goya had made an etching of in 1778.

The details of the Queen's outfit and the horse's ornate saddle cloth are merely sketched in this work, in contrast with the painstaking technique used in earlier portraits.

The process of painting this portrait is well documented thanks to the correspondence sent between the Queen and Godoy during September and October of 1799.

Exposiciones
  • Les chefs-d’œuvre du Musée du Prado
    Musée d’Art et d’Histoire
    Geneva
    1939
    consultant editors Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor y Pedro Muguruza Otaño. From June to September 1939
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
Bibliografía
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 196, cat. 777
  • vol. I, p. 309, cat. 424
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. III, p. 118
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1996
    pp. 197 (il), 378 y 379, cat. 100
Enlaces externos
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