- The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- 195 x 126 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- El Prado National Museum
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 14 Mar 2010 / 22 Nov 2022
Goya. 1804 (en el brazo del sillón).
María Tomasa / Palafox (en la paleta).
Before being bequeathed to the Prado Museum by Alonso Álvarez de Toledo, XXI Count of Niebla and XV Marquis of Los Vélez, this work remained in the possession of his widow until her death in 1926. It entered the collection of the Prado Museum in May 1926.
María Tomasa Palafox y Portocarrrero (Madrid, 1870-Naples, 1835) was the 12th Marchioness of Villafranca and Duchess of Medina Sidonia. She was the sister of the Marchioness of Lazán and the Count of Teba, both also painted by Goya.
As a child, she received a careful upbringing from her mother, the Countess of Montijo. She was named academician of merit of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 1805.
Goya depicts this woman at her most artistic, painting a portrait of her husband, Francisco de Borja Álvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga, who had inherited the title of Marquis of Villafranca following the death of his brother, the Duke of Alba.
The marchioness is shown seated in a large armchair upholstered in red velvet, with her feet resting on a large cushion. She is wearing an elegant gauze dress in the Paris fashion and satin shoes. In her hands she holds the brushes she has used to paint the portrait of her husband, who appears to be looking straight at her and whose face almost appears more real than that of the marchioness herself.
According to Manuela Mena, from a technical point of view, this portrait marks a milestone in Goya's evolution in the 19th century. We can see how he had left behind the preciousness of his eighteenth-century works, and his brushstrokes are now more energetic and visible.
The Age of NeoclassicismThe Royal Academy of ArtsLondon1972cat. 115
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 115
Goya. La imagen de la mujerMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid2001from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serrallercat. 68
Goya: Prophet der ModerneAlte NationalgalerieBerlin2005from July 13th to October 3th 2005. Exhibitied also at the Kunsthistorischemuseum, Vienna, October 18th 2005 to January 8th 2006, consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marquéscat. 82
De Tiziano a Goya. Obras maestras del Museo del PradoTokio Metropolitan Art MuseumTokyo2006from March 25th to June 30th 2006. Exhibitied also at the Municipal Museum of Art, Osaka, July 15th to October 15th 2006, consultant editor Juan J. Luna
Goya en tiempos de guerraMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid2008consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008cat. 36
L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 volsParís1928-1950p. 148, cat. 435
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 198, cat. 810
vol. I, p. 326, cat. 490
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. II, pp. 147 y 148
Goya. 250 AniversarioMadridMuseo del Prado1996pp. 215 (il.), 392, cat. 115
Goya en tiempos de guerraMadridMuseo Nacional del Prado2008pp. 204 y 205 (il.), cat. 36