- Ca. 1797 - 1798
- 219 x 154 mm
- Técnica y soporte
- Aguafuerte, aguatinta bruñida y buril
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Undisputed work
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 28 Nov 2010 / 20 Jun 2023
Ysele quema la Casa. (at the bottom)
18. (in the upper right-hand corner)
In the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in Paris the only proof of the state before the letter is preserved. In it the aquatint is already burnished and the title is written with the first three words together, Ysele quema la casa, and this is how it was engraved in the definitive version, except with the "c" of "casa" capitalised.
The picture depicts an old man trying to put on his trousers. His spread legs, one of them slightly forward, reveal the difficulty he is having in getting dressed and indicate his state of inebriation. As a result, a fire is about to break out, as a lamp has set fire to a wooden chair on which the drunkard has propped it up.
The three manuscripts available to us all agree on the meaning of this print in which Goya criticises the abuse of alcohol, which is even more blatant in the case of a man of a certain age and from whom mature attitudes are to be expected. It is possible that the painter took as his starting point for this image one of the relatively common fires reported in the newspapers, especially in the esparto shops, many of which were attributed to the drunkenness of those responsible. This hypothesis is quite plausible if we take into account the title of one of the drawings that would have served as preparation for this engraving, Drunken Espartero who fails to undress.
This is not the only time Goya confronts alcohol abuse, as he does so again in The Drunkards. However, in the latter, beyond being critical, he captures a genre scene in the style of Dutch painting, more specifically, some paintings by Frans Hals (Antwerp, 1580?-Haarlem, 1666).
The plate is in poor condition ( National Chalcography, no. 189).
Goya. Gemälde Zeichnungen. Graphik. TapisserienKunsthalle BaselBasle1953from January 23th to April 12th 1953cat. 210
Goya. Das Zeitalter der Revolucionen. Kunst um 1800 (1980 – 1981)Hamburger KunsthalleHamburg1980cat. 228
Goya. La década de Los CaprichosMadrid1992organized by Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando sponsored by Fundación Central Hispano, Madrid, consultant editor Nigel Glendinnig. From October 26th 1992 to January 10th 1993cat. 155
Francisco de GoyaMuseo d'Arte ModernaLugano1996exhibition celebrated from September 22nd to November 17th.cat. 18, p.45
Francisco Goya. Sein leben im spiegel der graphik. Fuendetodos 1746-1828 Bordeaux. 1746-1996Galerie KornfeldBern1996from November 21st 1996 to January 1997cat. 24
Goya e la tradizione italianaFondazione Magnani RoccaMamiano di Traversetolo (Parma)2006consultant editors Fred Licht and Simona Tosini Pizzetti. From September 9th to December 3th 2006cat. 18, p. 150
Goya. Opera graficaPinacoteca del Castello di San GiorgioLegnano2006exhibition celebrated from December 16th 2006 to April 1st 2007p.27
Goya et la modernitéPinacothèque de ParisParís2013from October 11st 2013 to March 16th 2014cat. 183
Goya: Order and disorderMuseum of Fine ArtsBoston2014cat. 148
Goya engravings and lithographs, vol. I y II.Bibliography']['numberOxfordBruno Cassirer1964p.88, cat. 53
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaBibliography']['numberParísOffice du livre1970p.178, cat. 487
Goya, la década de los caprichos: dibujos y aguafuertesBibliography']['numberMadridReal Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando1992pp.254-258
Catálogo de las estampas de Goya en la Biblioteca NacionalBibliography']['numberMadridMinisterio de Educación y Cultura, Biblioteca Nacional1996p.83, cat. 106
El libro de los caprichos: dos siglos de interpretaciones (1799-1999). Catálogo de los dibujos, pruebas de estado, láminas de cobre y estampas de la primera ediciónBibliography']['numberMadridMuseo Nacional del Prado1999pp.134-137
ParísPinacoteca de París2013p. 18
Goya: Order & DisorderBibliography']['numberBostonMuseum of Fine Arts Boston Publications2014pp. 228-229
Goya. In the Norton Simon MuseumBibliography']['numberPasadenaNorton Simon Museum2016pp. 42-75