Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1810 - 1812
Ubicación
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, United States
Dimensiones
98 x 126 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Ficha: realización/revisión
19 May 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(22.181)
Inscripciones

X.1.

Historia

This canvas was the property of Javier Goya in Madrid before belonging to various owners and collections, including: José de Salamanca y Mayol, Marquis of Salamanca, Madrid; Auguste Dreyfus, Paris; Dreyfus de González; Arthur Veil Picard, Paris; and Leonard Thomas, New York.

The Metropolitan Museum acquired the work in 1922 through the Catharine Lorillard Wolfe collection and the Wolfe Fund.

Análisis artístico

According to the inventory of the painter's estate which was carried out in 1812, the canvas entitled Procession in Valencia was the companion piece to this painting in the famous collection of the Marquis of Salamanca, dating from the 19th century.

In this picture we see two different bullfights taking place in a public square which has been split down the middle by a dividing wall. In the foreground, Goya has painted a group of spectators with their backs to the viewer. In the background, behind another group of people watching the two bullfights, are a number of buildings spread out in front of the blue sky. The clouds are concentrated in the middle of the painting, above the point where the improvised bullring is cut in two.

According to Gudiol, "in the technique there predominates a great fluidity, which is shown in the contrasting tones, always under the influence of softer intermediate tones. A vagueness of forms and outlines can be seen in the curtain of buildings in the background, in keeping with an old procedure of Goya's, which always tended to exaggerate the effects of the aerial perspective".

In addition to its artistic importance, this painting also holds some interesting historical information since it tells us that during this period - although we do not know how often - two bullfights were sometimes held simultaneously within a single space, giving us an idea of the interest that this type of entertainment held for the people. The accumulation of large numbers of bulls at certain celebrations meant that, in order to double the number of fights that could be held in a day, the ring would be temporarily divided in two, a custom that was still practised until well into the 20th century.

A very similar image to this one appeared in Goya's series of four lithographs, Bulls of Bordeaux (Los toros de Burdeos) (1824-1825), under the title Divided Bullring (Plaza Partida).

Exposiciones
  • Francisco Goya: His Paintings, Drawings and Prints
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    New York
    1936
    from January 27th to March 8th 1936
  • Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings and Prints by Francisco de Goya
    California Palace of the Legion of Honor
    San Francisco
    1937
    from June 5th to July 4th 1937
  • The art of Goya. Paintings, drawings and prints
    The Art Institute of Chicago
    Chicago
    1941
    from January 30th to March 2nd 1941
  • Goya: toros y toreros
    Espace Van Gogh
    Arles
    1990
    displayed also at Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, consultant editor Pierre Gassier.
  • Goya in the Metropolitan Museum of Art
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    New York
    1995
    consultant editors Colta Ives and Susan Alyson Stein. From September 12th to December 31st 1995
  • Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    New York
    2003
    from March 4th to June 8th 2003
Bibliografía
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    p. 269, cat. 244
  • Harry B. Wehle
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Catalogue of Italian, Spanish, and Byzantine Paintings
    New YorkBradford
    1940
    p. 251, il. 250.
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    p. 265, cat. 953
  • vol. I, p. 357, cat. 615
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 125, cat. 535
  • Pierre Gassier
    Goya, toros y toreros
    MadridMinisterio de Cultura, Comunidad de Madrid
    1990
    pp. 72 y 73, cat. 12
  • Katharine Baetjer
    European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born before 1865
    New YorkHarry N. Abrams
    1995
    p. 166
  • Juliet Wilson-Bareau
    Goya in the Metropolitan Museum of Art
    Burlington Magazinenº 138
    London
    1996
    pp. 100-10
Enlaces externos
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