Francisco de Goya

Friar Pedro Clubs El Maragato with the Butt of his Gun (Fray Pedro de Zaldivia golpea al “Maragato” con la culata del fusil)

Friar Pedro Clubs El Maragato with the Butt of his Gun (Fray Pedro de Zaldivia golpea al “Maragato” con la culata del fusil)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1806 - 1807
Ubicación
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, United States
Dimensiones
29.2 x 38.5 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on wood panel
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
The Art Institute of Chicago
Ficha: realización/revisión
02 Mar 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inventario
(1933.1074)
Análisis artístico

For a complete history of the bandit and an artistic analysis of the whole series El Maragato Threatens Friar Pedro de Zaldivia with his Gun.

The fourth episode in the cycle depicts the start of El Maragato's defeat. When the bandit tries to fetch the rifles from the horse, Friar Pedro turns the gun around and prepares to hit his enemy with the butt. The bandit has fallen to the floor, and looks up with fear at Friar Pedro, whose face reflects the doubt and inner conflict of one who is not entirely convinced of his actions. In the end, the monk on reflection decides not to hit the villain but the horse, which bolts in fright.

It has been pointed out that the friar's pose is inspired by classical depictions of Hercules beating wild animals. This is the moment which best describes the combination of Friar Pedro's humility on his arrival to the house taken over by the bandit, and God's fury which he carries inside, and which serves to help him capture the criminal, according to the leaflet. The fear in the face of El Maragato is inspired by the physiognomy of the Italian affetti which Spanish students learned in Rome. One of these was Velázquez, whose blacksmith in the painting Forge of the Vulcan (Prado Museum, Madrid) may have inspired Goya's portrayal of the frightened villain.

Exposiciones
  • Spanish Paintings from El Greco to Goya
    The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    New York
    1928
    consultant editor Bryson Borroughs. From February 17th to April 1st 1928
  • The art of Goya. Paintings, drawings and prints
    The Art Institute of Chicago
    Chicago
    1941
    from January 30th to March 2nd 1941
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
  • Goya: Prophet der Moderne
    Alte Nationalgalerie
    Berlin
    2005
    from July 13th to October 3th 2005. Exhibitied also at the Kunsthistorischemuseum, Vienna, October 18th 2005 to January 8th 2006, consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués
  • Goya en tiempos de guerra
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2008
    consultant editor Manuela B. Mena Marqués, from April 14th to July 13th 2008
Bibliografía
  • Noticia exacta de todo lo executado por Pedro Piñero, alias el Maragato, desde que se escapó de presidio, hasta que fue preso y herido por el Padre Fray Pedro de Valdivia, religioso lego de la Orden de San Pedro de Alcántara [Madrid, 1806]
    reimp. Imprenta de la calle de la Cintería
    1806
  • Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    París
    1928-1950
    vol. I, p. 247, cat. 218
  • Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón
    Cómo vivía Goya
    Archivo Español del ArteXIX, n.73
    1946
    p. 86, 106
  • Eleanor Sherman Font
    Goya’s source for the Maragato series
    Gazette des Beaux-ArtsLII
    1958
    pp. 298-304
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    pp. 157, 201, cat. 867
  • vol. I, p. 331, cat. 514
  • ANGELIS, Rita de
    L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    MilanRizzoli
    1974
    p. 120, cat. 459
  • José Camón Aznar
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    1980-1982
    vol. III, p. 155 y p. 205 (il.)
  • WILSON-BAREU, Juliet
    Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    1993
    pp. 292-293, 376, cat. 87 y p. 297 (il.)
  • MENA, Manuela B. (comisaria)
    Goya en tiempos de guerra
    MadridMuseo Nacional del Prado
    2008
    pp. 218-219, cat. 47 y p. 219 (il.)
Enlaces externos
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