Francisco de Goya

Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes (La multiplicación de los panes y los peces)

Clasificación
Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes (La multiplicación de los panes y los peces)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1796 - 1797
Ubicación
Oratorio de la Santa Cueva, Cádiz, Spain
Dimensiones
146 x 340 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Obispado de Cádiz y Ceuta
Ficha: realización/revisión
20 Oct 2010 / 31 Jul 2017
Análisis artístico

See The Parable of the Guests at the Wedding (La parábola de los convidados a la boda).

Goya's canvas Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes is located on the gospel side of the Oratory. It is based on a story from the Gospel of Saint Mark, chapter 8.

The scene takes place in the open air, and is reminiscent of The Meadow of San Isidro (La pradera de San Isidro), although the composition is dealt with in a different way here, with a semi-circular (as opposed to rectangular) frame. In the centre of the composition is the main group, dominated by the figure of Jesus performing a miracle. There are two more groups of figures situated on each side of him. On the right, the apostles watch the miracle at a distance, while those on the left marvel at the events taking place. In the background, the rest of the multitude is shown along the length of the meadow.

The main group is lit up by the brilliant white of Jesus' recently washed tunic. The boy's shirt and the tablecloth also have a clean and white appearance that complements the tunic.

The treatment of the background is very interesting, with a whole range of figures depicted as little more than patches of paint lost in a sky which is very blue (not grey, as was thought before its restoration). Close up the viewer can only make out deliberate pink, blue, black or grey patches, but at a distance these become people lost in the crowd.

Conservación

1958: Mr Manuel López Gil restored the three paintings at the request of the Academy of Fine Arts, sponsored by Cádiz City Council.

1997: A collaboration agreement was signed between the Culture Department of the Government of Andalusia, the Caja Madrid Foundation and the World Monuments Fund to restore the canvases located in the Oratory, which were transferred to the Prado Museum in Madrid to this end.

Bibliografía
  • Las pinturas de Goya en el oratorio de la Santa Cueva de Cádiz
    Arte Español
    Joaquín Ezquerra Del Bayo
    pp.388-391
    año XVII Tomo IX n 3
    1928
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    p. 282, cat. 534
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 191, cat. 709
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    pp. 297, cat. 364
    1970
    Polígrafa
Enlaces externos
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