Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1786 - 1787
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
112 x 145 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
15 Dec 2009 / 13 Jul 2015
Inventario
55 (P02524)
Historia

See The Flower Girls.

This is one of the six overdoor pieces made to decorate the king's conversation room and which we know of thanks to the account left by the carpenter Josef Serrano, dated 17 November 1786 (see Boy on a Ram). José Luis Sancho is of the opinion, however, that this piece did not form part of the series known as The Four Seasons but was instead part of that called Country Scenes, for the bedroom of the Infantas, in which case the tapestry would have hung on the south wall.

It was included in the inventory carried out by Vicente López in 1834 for Ferdinand VII's will, when it was attributed to José del Castillo.

Around 1856 or 1857, the cartoon was moved from the Royal Tapestry Factory of Santa Bárbara to the Palacio de Oriente in Madrid, and it remained in the tapestry basements until, under orders given on 18 January and 9 February 1870, it was taken to the Prado Museum that same year. For the next sixty years the work was still attributed to José del Castillo, until Valentín de Sambricio documented Goya's authorship.

Análisis artístico

Two fashionably-dressed boys stand next to two hunting dogs. The animals wear muzzles and are on leads. They have stopped so as to allow the boys to stroke them. In the background, a landscape featuring a far-off mountain range and a copse of trees is cut off by the figures, who appear to be of monumental size owing to the low viewpoint employed by Goya, without a doubt considering the elevated position of the tapestry over the door.

Going by its dimensions and tonal range, it has been assumed that this work would have flanked the main tapestry of The Flower Girls, next to the overdoor piece Boy on a Ram. However, the connection between this piece and the theme of springtime represented in The Flower Girls is not immediately obvious. Tomlinson, who also adds to the theme of the seasons that of the ages of man by comparing these works with a print by Remondini, believes that the boys represented here would have symbolized the age of twenty, although they appear considerably younger than that. A connection with spring and the signs of the zodiac can be found, however, in the same way as in Boy on a Ram, by interpreting the two boys and the two dogs as a highly original representation of Gemini, at the end of the season of spring.

The cartoon has received a number of different names in the various inventories. The main problem has been the correct identification of the dogs. At first, there only appeared to one, a mastiff. But the animals are wearing muzzles, identifying them as hunting dogs and not mastiffs, which would have been used to watch over cattle. As such, here we have opted to use as the main title that which takes this observation into consideration.

José Galiay refers to a sketch of this work in a speech given at the Academia de San Luis de José Sinués, and claims that it was exhibited in the show that coincided with the two-hundredth anniversary of Goya's birth. The current whereabouts of said sketch are unknown.

Exposiciones
  • Goya y los artistas del su tiempo
    Museo de Zaragoza
    Zaragoza
    1946
    bicentenary of Goya’s birth, organized by the Real Academia de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Luis. From May 16th to 23th 1946
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    Barcelona
    1977
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • Pintura mexicana y pintura española de los siglos XVI al XVIII
    México
    Mexico D.F.
    1991
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2014
Bibliografía
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 141, 150, 258, cat. 47 y láms. 163-1
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 79, 97, cat. 269
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, pp. 269-270, cat. 227
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 102, cat. 207
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. II, p. 43
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 147, 296, cat. 51C y p. 147 (il.)
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    pp. 222-225 y p. 221 (il.)
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    p. 323, cat. 43 y p. 122 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Salas del Palacio Real de El Pardo para las que se tejieron tapices sobre cartones de Francisco de Goya: identificación de las habitaciones y ajuste de las obras de Goya en los alzados de las paredes
    in HERRERO CARRETERO, Concha (curator, Tapices y cartones de Goya (catalogue of the exhibition organizated at the Palacio Real de Madrid, from may to june 1996)
    José Luis Sancho
    p. 165 (il.)
    1996
    Patrimonio Nacional, Goya 96, Lunwerg
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    p. 214
    2014
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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