Francisco de Goya

This is what you were born for (Para eso habeis nacido)

Clasificación
This is what you were born for (Para eso habeis nacido)
Datos Generales
Cronología
Ca. 1810 - 1812
Dimensiones
163 x 237 mm
Técnica y soporte
Etching, lavis, drypoint and burin
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Ficha: realización/revisión
29 Nov 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Inscripciones

Goya (lower left-hand corner), 24 (lower left-hand corner of plate).

Historia

See Sad presentiments of what must come to pass.

There exists a state proof with drypoint in which the hat on the right-hand side has been made darker. In the next proof, Goya added the signature and some retouching with the burin on the vomiting man. In the following one, he added the lavis work across the entire plate.

The title was handwritten by Goya on the first and only print run that we know to have been made at the time, and which the painter gave to his friend Agustín Ceán Bermúdez. The title was engraved on to the copperplate at a later date, and no other modifications were made to the image for the first edition of the Disasters of War, which was printed by the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, Madrid, in 1863.

There is a preparatory drawing in the Prado Museum, Madrid.

Análisis artístico

In the middle of an area of open ground, Goya has etched a group of abandoned corpses. The postures of the discarded bodies and the inanimate expressions on their faces add to the horror of the image. Only one living person is shown, the man who is vomiting blood and who will also very soon form part of this mass of lifeless corpses. The scene takes place in an inhospitable, barren landscape; there are no trees or bushes, nor any homes in which to shelter.

The etching has been applied with precision and the hatching seems more elaborate in this print than in others in the Disasters of War series. The clouds in the sky have been rendered using very tightly packed horizontal lines, whilst the rest of the sky has been left as a large area of white.

Enrique Lafuente Ferrari, Valeriano Bozal and Jesusa Vega all relate this etching to no. 16, They avail themselves, nº 18, Bury them and keep quiet, no. 21, It will be the same, no. 22, All this and more, no. 23, The same elsewhere, no. 27, Charity, no. 48,A cruel shame!, nº 62, The deathbeds and no. 63, A collection of dead men, since all of these images feature depictions of piled up corpses.

Conservación

The etching plate is conserved in the National Chalcography Museum (cat. 263)

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Ministry of Foreing Affairs
    Burdeos
    1951
    organized by the Bordeaux City Hall, consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 16th to June 30th 1951
  • De grafiek van Goya
    Rijksmuseum Rijksprentenkabinet
    Amsterdam
    1970
    from November 13th 1970 to January 17th 1971
  • Francisco de Goya
    Museo d'Arte Moderna
    Lugano
    1996
    exhibition celebrated from September 22nd to November 17th.
  • Francisco Goya. Sein leben im spiegel der graphik. Fuendetodos 1746-1828 Bordeaux. 1746-1996
    Galerie Kornfeld
    Bern
    1996
    from November 21st 1996 to January 1997
  • Francisco Goya. Capricci, follie e disastri della guerra
    San Donato Milanese
    2000
    Opere grafiche della Fondazione Antonio Mazzotta
  • Goya. Opera grafica
    Pinacoteca del Castello di San Giorgio
    Legnano
    2006
    exhibition celebrated from December 16th 2006 to April 1st 2007
  • Goya et la modernité
    Pinacothèque de Paris
    París
    2013
    from October 11st 2013 to March 16th 2014
Bibliografía
  • Aureliano de Beruete Y Moret
    Goya, grabador
    MadridBlass S.A.
    1918
    cat. 114
  • Tomás Harris
    Goya engravings and lithographs, vol. I y II.
    Bruno Cassirer
    1964
    cat. 132
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    cat. 1009
  • Alfredo de Paz
    Goya. Arte e condizione umana
    NaplesLiguori editore
    1990
    lam. 196
  • SANTIAGO, Elena M. (coordinadora)
    Catálogo de las estampas de Goya en la Biblioteca Nacional
    MadridMinisterio de Educación y Cultura, Biblioteca Nacional
    1996
    cat. 201
Enlaces externos
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